Monday , March 1 2021

Startup challenges gravity to explore the commercial boundaries of space | Science



In a cramped office hidden in the poorly lit corridors of a shopping mall in Israel, Nasa's task control in Houston coincides.

Nevertheless, there are no flight controllers wearing all faces, scientists and headsets fixed on a widescreen spacecraft. And no astronauts have a problem with them.

Instead, it displays a world map that shows three large computer screens, a satellite that rotates around the earth, the size of a large shoe box. It is one of many private autonomous kimya space labs ter that make experiments to make payments to customers, including pharmaceutical companies, universities and chemical companies.

This is the new limit of space exploration and research. There is no longer a monopoly of enormous, slow-moving state institutions such as Nasa. The industry has commercialized to make space for major aviation companies, including SpaceX and Boeing, but has also opened bastards who take advantage of cheaper access to the heavens.

SpacePharma in Israel is trying to enter a emerging space industry: microgravity experiments.

At the core of what it provides, it is the ability to test – zero gravity or zero gravity – very close to the environment – in a situation that cannot be repeated on the planet. And without gravity, each experiment is a promising breakthrough in a new science field, as an inevitable constant that lasts forever.

A loaded nanosatellite



A technician set up a SpacePharma nanosatelidi before launching a rocket made in India in 2017. Photo: Photo shoot

; Everything in the space is different, Y said Yair Glick, director of research and development at SpacePharma. Almost nothing – chemicals, plants and even human cells – behave the same way in micro-gravity as in Earth.

Even the simplest experiment gives new results: ald If we mix the water with oil, we know that the water is running low and the oil is low. Lick Not in space,, Glick said.

The news doesn't have to be bad at all – indeed, not focusing on confrontation, disaster, hostility, and accusation convinces the public that the world is desperate and there is nothing we can do.

This series is an antidote, an attempt to show that there are many hopes, and our journalists are looking for planners, pioneers, best practices, impossible heroes, ideas that work, ideas that might be possible, and innovations that might come.

Readers can recommend other projects, people, and progress to progress to us at [email protected]

National space agencies have been conducting micro-gravitational investigations of the effects of the muscles and bones of astronauts for many years, but also on how they affect other elements, such as the flames – they don't shake up, but they form a ball.

Sign up here for a weekly round-up from every email in your inbox

The results were amazing. In an experiment conducted by the Japan Aeronautics and Space Research Agency, the proteins associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, mainly affecting young children and immobilizing them, were examined.

Proteins crystallize differently in space due to the building blocks of the cells, the withdrawal of the Earth and a more regular removal of the form. The researchers were able to record their new structures and prepared drugs that greatly delayed the effects of the disease. The creators claim that they can double their patients' lives and allow them to walk up to 25 instead of 12.

Rich Godwin is leading the US firm, Space Technology Holding, who conducts research in space and applies it to the real-world market. The commercial microgravity test is a potentially gigantic market, and it expects greater successes when believing and customizing it. Iyor Chemistry does not change. Changing physics. Değiş Un It's like the invention of a microscope. “

Yossi Yamin, founder and founder of SpacePharma, estimates that there are about 30 private companies that sell micro-gravity experiments.

There are three ways to do this. First, it can be done on Earth by simulating the renting of a plane and weightlessness in the parabolic flight. But the process is extremely precise and only takes a few seconds.

spacephar Up
(@Sp_microgravity)

How is this #microgravity it looks like us #headofengineering #parabolicflight 5 life science #experiments on the board #dubendorf #switzerland pic.twitter.com/2jnmwscdd8


October 26, 2016

Instead, most companies rent a space 250 miles from the International Space Station, which serves as a real estate agent for the low orbit of Planet Earth. Usually when the astronauts are delivered and attached to the wall, they build small automated labs that are sent to the rocket. In these, liquids can be heated, cooled, and tiny automatic pumps allow customers to mix chemicals.

SpacePharma also provides free-roaming satellites that connect the Earth independently to orbit. In the first 2017 was sent an Indian rocket.

Video of Indian satellite launch mission

Nanosatellites are handmade in a small office in Herzliya, a technology center in Israel, with a plastic 3D printer and a soldering table. Telefon If you have autonomous mobile units, you can manage and control it from your mobile phone, unuz said Yamin, who has worked for the fleet for 25 years.

Each satellite costs approximately £ 2.4 million, but has enough space for 12 customers who can run experiments simultaneously and reduce costs. The commercial field survey is about half a billion. But he bets on a market boom.

Pharmaceutical companies are looking to produce medicines in space that are more effective than those done in the world. Once these more perfect proteins are formed, they can be used as, seeds çoğalt to replicate on Earth. Lar These are masterpieces created in orbit,, said Yamin.

The next stage in the field of micro-gravity in the industry is believed to be the ında space factories mek where only the materials that can be made in the space are produced.

Twyman Clements, chief manager of Space Tango, who launched the last year and conducted 88 experiments, including another by Budweiser and another looking at how barley reacted in space. But now it is moving towards space to produce products and bring them back.

Değil It's not just about research. It has a scalable application, bir says Clements, who grew up on a farm in Kentucky and built his own rockets. ”We look at the high value products produced for the world in microgravity,“ he said. They have to have a high price tag because they are too expensive to send the material up and down.

There are already customers who want to make more efficient fiber optic cables when they are built in space. And another product that can be produced in orbit is retinal implants made from light activated proteins, but to restore the vision that is not well formed on Earth under its own weights. Space Tango looks at how they can do them in space.

Ments The next steps are towards production, adımlar Clements says. Medi This has not yet been fully realized. Retinal effects may be the first. "

This article is part of a series of possible solutions to some of the world's most stubborn problems. What else should we cover? Email us at [email protected]


Source link