FAME. experts and activists said on Monday that the risk of countries ignoring the oceans was higher as the fishing communities on the coastal coast of Africa began to jump into "blue economies" of tourism, industrial fishing and exploration revenues.
According to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), 38 coastal and island states of the continent have recently turned to ocean resources through sea fishing, sea tourism and seabed mining.
FAME. "There is a great danger and a great danger that these communities will be marginalized," said Joseph Zelasney, a fisherman from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
’The resources they depend on will be reduced, Nair he said in a side event in Kenya, Canada and Japan at the Blue Economy Conference in Nairobi.
According to UNECA estimates, the world's poorest continent is home to a $ 1 trillion blue economy, but it loses $ 42 billion a year for illegal fishing and mangroves along the coast.
Dawda Saine, the African Confederation of Artisanal Fisheries in Gambia, said the seismic waves produced by researchers to investigate the mining, oil and gas along the ocean mines were afraid of fish stocks.
"Noise and vibration remove the fish, which means that they (the fishermen) should go further to the fish," he said.
A live tourism industry and the pollution of foreign trawler ships have reduced stocks on the Indian Ocean, said Salim Mohamed, a fisherman from Malindi, Kenya.
”We're suffering as artisan fishermen, but all the local regulations just look at us as pollutants and it doesn't go beyond that,“ he said.
The continent's fish stocks are consumed by industrial trolls driving the oceans to feed European and Asian markets. Experts pose a threat to livelihoods and food security for communities along the coast.
The growth of blue economies in Africa could take common rights to land and water along the coastline and hand them over to companies and to several people, he said. Andre Standing, consultant for the Fair Fisheries Regulation Coalition.
The activists said that most of the coasts and coasts of Africa, which are thousands of kilometers long, are anonymous and this is a good target for an illegal acquisition.
. There is a great concern that we can see the privatization of areas that were previously open to these communities, Stand said Standing, the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "We must have a radical vision that values or endangers communities and livelihoods."