It is estimated that a minimum of one year, each staff, officer, employee contains alcohol, and the beer will exceed 75 billion on a working day.
One of the notable information from the impact assessment report of the draft Law on Alcohol and Alcohol was presented to the National Assembly by the Government.
According to this report, Vietnam produces more than 4 billion beers, 70 million liters of industrial alcohol and 230 to 280 million liters of hand-made wine in 2017. And the rate of use of these two beverages in Vietnam is at an alarming rate. Damage caused by alcohol and beer is a huge burden and a challenge to address.
In order to achieve the goals of alcohol and beer prevention, the law focuses on three main policy groups. First, it reduces the consumption and accessibility of alcohol and beer. The second is to control procurement and to limit the use of alcohol, beer and ba, to reduce the damage and to prevent damage to alcohol and beer.
Each of these policy groups will include specific policies, inheritance policies and proposed new policies.
The first policy impact assessment is to control certain issues and not drink alcohol.
Three solutions calculated to solve the problem, the draft agency chose the second solution.
This solution continues to take over the provisions of cadres, civil servants and employees, alcohol in the workplace, non-brewing, rest periods between work shifts.
Not to prohibit drivers from traveling on the roads regulated in the Highway Traffic Act, but only to refer to traffic safety legislation and also to have regulations to actively control concentration. Blood alcohol and respiratory tract of motor vehicle drivers to prevent traffic accidents.
In addition to other non-alcoholic use cases, the worker will not drink alcohol or beer while working, and will not have any rest period between shifts during the working day.
This solution indicates that alcohol or beer cannot be used where alcohol or beer is prohibited: medical institutions, educational institutions, care, nutrition, leisure and leisure facilities under 18 years of age, reform, prison and detention camps.
Responsibilities of the heads of institutions and organizations, the responsibilities of ministries, branches and the Committees of the People at all levels, support the regulations and regulations regarding the rights and obligations in the implementation of this solution. information, education, communication; communication with the implementation of laws, along with communication.
It is not prescribed for people under the age of 18, pregnant women can drink alcohol or beer, but to replicate and stimulate people to drink only alcohol or beer.
The positive effect of this solution for the state is that the authorities, civil servants, laborers do not use alcohol or beer during the working period and contribute to efficiency and efficiency. Preventing and limiting budget waste, time and working time spent on public tasks.
In the least estimate, in a year, if each staff, officer or employee drinks alcohol or beer on a working day, it will lose or affect the equivalent labor efficiency of 1 hour. The cost of waste is 6,534 VND / h (minimum wage in 2015) x 12,1 million employees (employees with compulsory social insurance premiums in 2015) = 75 billion VND 431 million compilation, calculation agency.
Negative impact is the increase in propaganda costs.
For the people, according to the draft committee, the positive effect is to reduce household, staff, civil servants and workers' spending on drinking alcohol and beer.
Reduce the cost of dealing with traffic accidents as a result of a traffic accident for alcohol, beer and even non-smokers.
The drafting agency stressed that the consequences of traffic accidents involving alcohol and beer in Vietnam accounted for 1% of GDP (approximately 5,000 billion VND in GDP in 2017). Great expense to the state and people.
According to the World Health Organization (2014) report, traffic accidents involving alcohol and beer in Vietnam are estimated at 36.2% for men, 0.7% for women and traffic accidents. The 2.8% of GDP provides more information than the draft committee.
While the aforementioned solutions do not provide economic benefits, on the other hand, the ratio of alcohol and beer consumption to prohibited objects is limited, and the wine and beer industry may reduce production. in the early implementation of regulations.
Nevertheless, with specific policies related to alcohol and beer consumption, a stable legal environment for state enterprises, responsibilities and the transparency of institutions and the obligations of institutions evaluating their impacts.