Friday , February 26 2021

The third cause of cerebrovascular accident in Panama



A cerebrovascular accident (CVA), stroke, or cerebral infarction is the sudden death of brain cells resulting from the failure of the oxygen supply to the brain and is the main cause of acquired disability in the world.

The cerebrovascular accident has several islands, is the most accurate cerebrovascular event, but can also be called Cerebral Stroke, Cerebral Infarction, Cerebral Ischemia, Cerebral Thrombosis or popular Cerebral Stroke.

Neurologist Williams explained that there are signs of vigilance or alarm that could lead to a patient showing a cerebral vascular event.

The expert indicated that the most common symptoms were:

– Visual acuity: Sudden loss of vision caused by a stroke may affect one or both of the eyes. It is also possible that the blind spots caused by the involvement of the occipital lobe of the brain will occur.

– Sudden and strong pain in the chest: This syndrome may accompany cardiac arrest, but it is often a symptom of stroke with hiccups.

– Co-ordination of interrupted movements: loss of coordination and orientation in space indicates damage to responsible brain regions.

– Sudden fatigue: an active person can greatly change his behavior, feel sleepy and do nothing. Women sometimes have symptoms of depression.

– Unconsciousness: Symptoms that a person should be unconscious; sudden redness of the face, shortness of breath and rapid heartbeat.

– Pain in the middle of the face: another symptom of a stroke is sudden pain that occurs only on one side of the face or body, or on one arm (one arm, one leg).

According to WHO, brain damage ranging from 10% to 15% is caused by blood loss in the brain (bleeding).

There are two basic vascular brain accidents.

Ischemic or cerebral infarcts: 80% of cerebrovascular accidents are the result of a blockage in the brain-watering artery or a decrease in blood flow.

Hemorrhagic: causes rupture of an artery in the brain, intracerebral hemorrhage (15% of strokes) or an aneurysm causing a subarachnoid hemorrhage (5% of stroke)

Williams is one of the most common cerebral vascular events in the older age group, ie people over 65 years of age, but such pathologies do not escape from all age groups.

"Men usually have a higher risk of paralysis than women"

The expert added, among the main risk factors for a stroke:

· Hypertension

· Diabetes

· Heart diseases

· Cigaret

· Overweight

· High blood cholesterol

· Alcohol

· Stress

· Insufficient physical activity

He said the positive aspect is that 80% of early brain injuries are preventable. Healthy eating, regular physical activity and the abandonment of tobacco and alcohol consumption are important, as well as controlling and controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and sugars (diabetes) in the blood.

After a stroke, brain cells die in the affected areas, usually patients often suffer from physical disabilities such as: loss of partial motor or hemiplegia, sensory loss, visual disturbances and even memory loss, so Experts emphasize that the initiation of a rehabilitation program is a rapid recovery.

Drugs commonly used in stroke treatment include:

· Platelet antiaggregants such as aspirin

· Anticoagulants such as warfarin

· Blood pressure regulators such as calcium channel blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

· Drugs that reduce the blood concentration of lipids. These drugs should be used under medical supervision.

· Drugs that reduce the blood concentration of lipids. These drugs should be used under medical supervision.

REHABILITATION AND LONG-TERM HELP

Patients with stroke as a result of stroke are physically disabled to some extent and may need help at home for a long time.

Most post-stroke rehabilitation includes the following to teach the patient to do physical exercise safely:

– Walking, eating, dressing, washing, cooking, reading, writing and going to the bathroom

– Logotherapy (treatment of speech disorders)

– Check that the patient can live at home without any danger.

– Help to organize and plan medical assistance and rehabilitation

– Advice to the patient and their families including advice on money management, financial and legal matters

– Occupational therapy to help patients stay active and engaged

– Physiotherapy for mobility recovery

According to WHO estimates, stroke killed more than 17.5 million people in 2012, most of which were recorded in low- and middle-income countries and equally affected by both sexes.


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