Europe's latest Earth observation satellite exploded into orbit today (November 6) to improve weather forecasts and monitor the changing climate around the world.
The third and last satellite of the European Meteorological Operational satellite program (MetOp), MetOp-C, was lifted from the French Guiana Space Center in Kourou, French Guiana, at 14.40. A special launch company provided by Arianespace is a European Soyuz rocket on EST (November 7, 0047 GMT).
In the Russian version of the Soyuz rocket, the third successful Soyuz rocket launch has been launched since the October 11 failure of a crew to the International Space Station. This unsuccessful launch experienced a strengthening separation issue that triggered an automatic flight cancellation and separated the Soyuz crew capsule from the rocket. The capsule is safely returned to the Earth. His team, NASA astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin were not harmed. [Launch Photos! Europe’s MetOp-C Soars Into Orbit on Soyuz Rocket]
After about 1 hour on the Fregat top stage of the rocket, the MetOp-C is expected to be placed in an almost polar, sun-synchronous orbit over approximately 547 miles (881 miles) on Earth. In this orbit type, the satellite is constantly exposed to sunlight as it travels between the north and south poles of the Earth. [In Photos: Europe’s MetOp-C Weather Satellite Launches on Soyuz Rocket]
His path will continue in the daylight in the daylight of Earth's destroyer or in the line between day and night, meaning "your satellite track throughout the world is always at the same local time, in this case in the middle of the morning," in the European Space Agency. (ESA) officials said in a statement of the mission. All three MetOp satellites are built by ESA and operated by the European Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) Exploitation Organization.
The orbit of MetOp-C complements the trajectories of other weather satellites operated by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Like MetOp-A and MetOp-B, MetOp-C will join forces with NOAA's fleet of weather satellites through an international partnership between NOAA and EUMETSAT.
Arianespace officials, "To provide enhanced coverage in the central regions and a higher revision frequency, the Metop satellites fly in the" mid-morning "orbit, while the JPSS satellites of NOAA are flying in an orphanage 'afternoon'.
NOAA's Common Polar Satellite System (JPSS) currently includes the Suomi NPP satellite and NOAA-20 (also known as JPSS-1). The agency plans to publish three more JPSS satellites by 2031, and EUMETSAT is working on the second-generation fleet MetOp satellites, MetOp-SG, to start the launch in 2022.
The $ 550 million MetOp-C satellite has a 5-year operating life and will be replaced by second-generation satellites. MetOp-A and MetOp-B, which were launched in 2006 and 2012, have gone beyond the expected 5-year life span and are still working today. The three satellites were launched at 5-year intervals, so each new satellite is replacing the last, but thanks to its flexibility and some launch delays, all three will now run at the same time.
MetOp-C contains nine different scientific instruments for measuring atmospheric temperature, wind speed, humidity and ozone. A tool measures the particles loaded in the radiation belts of the Earth.
"These data are basically used as a basis for weather forecasting – the basis for weather forecasting. Recent studies show that MetOp-A and MetOp-B have reduced errors in one-day forecasts by 27 percent." Statement.
Arianespace officials, "Polar-orbit Metop satellites from 12 hours to 10 days before the digital weather forecast is a must." Said. Büyük Metop-A and ınB satellites yapıy, which are still in operation, make the biggest contribution to reducing errors in weather forecasts a day before. That's why Metop-C is expected to improve. Bu