Keeping a strict gluten-free diet is a lifelong need for allergic people, these days, many people choose a low-gluten diet, although not allergic to a dietary supplement. This trend has led to public debate about whether low gluten diets should be recommended for people who are not allergic. Among others, researchers at the University of Copenhagen just looked at it. The findings were reported in Nature Communications.
In a healthy Danish adult intervention study, an international team of scientists has shown that a low-gluten but fiber-rich diet changes the intestinal bacteria and reduces gastrointestinal disturbance, such as bloating, and is due to a slight weight loss. Changes in bowel comfort and body weight are related to changes in intestinal bacterial composition and function.
Aç Compared to the high gluten diet, we have shown that a low gluten, fiber-rich diet creates changes in the structure and function of the complex intestinal ecosystem, reduces hydrogen exhalation, and leads to self-reporting. swelling. Furthermore, we have observed a modest weight loss due to the increased body burns induced by altered bacterial functions, Professor Oluf Pedersen, the principal investigator of the study.
Dietary fiber composition seems to be the cause of change
The researchers undertook a randomized, controlled, cross trial of 60 middle-aged healthy Danish adults with eight-week eight interventions comparing a low-gluten diet (2 g gluten per day) and a high gluten diet (18 g gluten per day). is separated by the usual diet (12 g of gluten per day) with a washout period of at least six weeks.
The two diets are balanced in terms of the number of calories and nutrients, including the same amount of dietary fibers. However, the composition of the fibers differed significantly between the two diets.
Based on observations of intestinal bacteria on altered food fermentation patterns, researchers concluded that the effects of a low gluten diet on healthy individuals could not be due to a reduction in gluten consumption, but rather to a reduction in dietary fiber composition. fibers obtained from wheat and rye and by replacing them with vegetables, brown rice, corn, oat and quinoa.
Do not yet have a basis for change of diet advice
It has been suggested that a low-gluten diet previously reduced general gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome and disorders up to 20% of the overall Western population. This study suggests that even some healthy individuals may prefer a low gluten diet to combat bowel disease or excessive body weight.
Iy Longer-term studies are definitely needed to give any public health advice to the general population. In particular, we consider dietary fibers – not only gluten – but the main cause of changes in intestinal disorders and body weight. So far, we think that our work is a wake-up call to the food industry. Gluten-free may not be a healthy choice for most people, çoğu Pedersen said.
Doğal Most gluten-free foodstuffs on the market today are largely deprived of dietary fibers and natural nutrients. Therefore, there is a clear need for consumers who prefer a low gluten diet to have fresh or minimally processed, fiber-rich, nutritious high-quality gluten-free foodstuffs. Such interventions can be key to alleviating gastrointestinal discomfort and, in addition to helping facilitate weight control in the general population through modification of intestinal microbials, intestinal concluded.
First Publication Date: 17 November 2018 15:08 IST