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Chinese Mars rover completes landing attempt ahead of 2020 launch – Spaceflight Now



A test model of the first Mars rover, scheduled for launch in China's mid-2020, conducted a descent test on November 14 in a specially built equipment in Hebei Province, Northern China. Credit: Xinhua

While China was performing a pendulum and hazard prevention test on a model on the country's first Mars rover model, engineers built a real spacecraft to be launched into the red planet in mid-2020.

The mission, which includes an orbit, land and rover, aims to become the first Chinese spacecraft to reach Mars after boarding the Long March 5 rocket, the country's most powerful launcher, in a window of several weeks opened in July 2020.

The mission will begin from Wenchang space center on Hainan Island, China's newest space port.

On November 14, China invited ambassadors and ambassadors from 19 countries, including the European Union, the African Union, France, Italy and Brazil, to visit a test equipment in Hebei province in northern China to examine the soil testing of Mars territory. The demonstration tested the ability of the rover to avoid obstacles during landing and avoid autonomy, similar to the Martian jewelry, under reduced gravity conditions, according to the Chinese National Space Administration.

China space agency, Mars mission was announced by the Chinese invoiced by the public, last week's event confirms the design of the landowner, he said.

If it starts next summer, the mission will arrive at Mars at the beginning of 2021 and release the landing module to enter the atmosphere of Mars. After landing, the rover will descend a ramp to begin exploring the surface with a set of scientific instruments.

The orbit will travel Mars to provide communication relay support for the rover and make its own scientific measurements.

The orbiting module, high and medium resolution cameras, a radar tool to study the structure of the Martian surface, a spectrometer to analyze the minerals on the Martian surface, and the skinned magnetosphere of the red planet and the solar wind.

According to the National Space Science Center in China, the rover, designed to operate for three months after arriving at Mars, carries its own cameras and underground radar beneath the mission's landing area, a spectrometer and a radar to inspect a Mars weather station.

The three-piece spacecraft that China plans to send to Mars in 2020 is shown here in the launch configuration. Credit: CASC

In 2016, China launched the development of the Mars mission.

After the launch of Russia as a feedback burden on the failed Phobos-Grunt mission, Yinghuo 1, trapped in Earth orbit, will be the country's attempt to reach Mars through a robotic investigation.

China has landed two robotic spacecraft on the moon and plans to launch a third month next year to try its first month sampling mission in more than 40 years.

Like the Mars mission, Chang's 5-month sample reinstatement mission will begin on March 5th, one of the world's most powerful rockets, and China's most powerful launch vehicle inventory of the 5th.

Mars and the trajectory launched next year and the traveling will carry only Chinese cargoes, but officials have used the November 14 test to report the country's co-operation with other countries on space projects.

According to a CNSA statement, China has signed more than 140 field cooperation agreements with 45 countries and international organizations.

China-France Oceanography Satellite and China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite were launched last year by China in partnership with scientists from France and Italy, respectively, to collect climate measurements and identify pioneering signals that can help predict earthquakes. China, in collaboration with Brazil, has developed a series of World observation satellites, and Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and Saudi Arabia have contributed to China's four-month mission.

In 2023, China invited international offers for small science instruments that could fly to the moon on Chang's 6 robotic mission. Earlier this month, Chinese and French space officials signed an agreement to fly a French instrument to Chang. To measure the transport of volatile substances, such as water molecules, with lunar dust.

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Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: @ StephenClark1.


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