A new study focuses on the role of the clitoris in the females. The outcome of these changes is not only recreative but also reproductive. As a result, removal of this organ is a profoundly disabling act, in terms of reproduction as well as sexual pleasure. Study author Roy Levin states, often The often repeated mantra, that the sole function of the clitoris is to induce sexual pleasure, is now obsolete. The physiological evidence is now obvious. ”
The female anatomy has long been protected and hidden, though in the modern age, the opposite trend has set in, taking it to an undesirably public level. For long, the clitoris has been thought to be a merely pleasure-related organ, leading to the mutilation of millions of girls in various cultures.
3d printed model of female sex organ clitoris. Image Credit: josefkubes / Shutterstock
Abundant confusion, little accuracy
Levin first reported his conclusions on the reproductive importance of the clitoris in 2018. While the organ has been identified and studied in anatomical detail many centuries ago, its function has raised much controversy. It has, at various times, been claimed to help in urination, female orgasm, to be present only in hermaphrodites, to be used in various female sexual behaviors, even by such great anatomists as Vesalius. A purely pleasure-linked organ. Among these, some believed it helped women to choose their mates – whoever provided the most pleasure won. Others say it is a vestigial organ.
The last category, most women do not attain orgasm during intercourse by penile stimulation of the clitoris. Moreover, orgasm in women is not linked to reproductive success. As a result, the role of the clitoris in reproduction seems to have been largely unknown.
The new study shows that while the clitoris, when appropriately stimulated, does cause the woman to experience orgasm, by various hormones, it also activates several physiological processes. When many brain regions engage in one task, it normally indicates its importance. When viewed in this light, it is obvious that clitoral stimulation is an important event in the female physiology.
As a result, the woman's heart rate and blood pressure rise, promoting blood flow through the vagina and thus providing more oxygen to the expected sperms. Vaginal discharge increases, providing abundant lubrication from the blood vessels by exudation, aided by neural stimulation of transudation. The outcome is that penetration by the penis becomes easy and painless.
Along with this, the vaginal acidic environment is partially neutralized, favoring sperm capacitation and motility. The vagina also assumes a tent-like shape and balloons out to move the cervix away from the sperm pool. This helps retain the sperms in a variety of natural chemicals, called capacitation factors, which are necessary for their further activity. The increased vaginal warmth felt by the penis also increases male arousal.
Until this time, the sperms are immobile and in a non-capacitated state where they can not fertilize the ovum. Thus, clitoral stimulation also produces simultaneous biochemical changes within the female vagina. This includes the release of sperm precapacitation and capacitation factors, which convert the sperms into highly motile forms that can swim up through the vagina, the cervix, the uterus and the uterine tubes to reach the ovum, penetrate it and achieve fertilization. These coordinates with the female vagina.
Preparation for fertilization
The result is that before orgasm the female reproductive tract is prepared to receive sperm and to capacitate them so that they can fertilize the released ovum. This result is a typical monthly cycle. In other words, it is most prominent and easy to stimulate when the woman has the highest chance of conception. This sperm is used for sexual intercourse.
Clitoral stimulation is independent of intercourse. Indeed, some scientists have thought that stimulation during intercourse has noxious effects on women, though there is no proof to back this assertion. The current study provides a sound theoretical framework for the clitoris stimulation during intercourse or foreplay, as a fundamental physiological process by which the female body prepares, via activation of multiple brain areas, to receive and capacitate the sperm to maximize fertility.
Clitoris removal – reproductive disability
Clitoral removal has been practiced for several reasons, as a part of female genital mutilation to ensure female chastity, or for non-therapeutic reasons to “cure” some mental conditions in females. However, the researchers point out that by doing so, not only does the woman lose sexual pleasure from arousal by clitoral stimulation before actual penetration, but the female body cannot pre-activate the reproductive tract to prepare to receive the ejaculate. This has a detrimental effect on reproductive success, according to the authors.
Women with certain clitoris abnormalities report low libido, pain, and problems in arousal by clitoral stimulation. Corrective surgery in a small number of cases has been reported.
Pre-feminine method of achieving orgasm in contrast to that achieved by penile intercourse, other more modern researchers have failed to promote gene transfer by reproductive success. This biased view is completely overlooked. This is the first time that the clitoral stimulation triggers the female reproductive tract, with the consequent increase in the rate of fertilization and pregnancy.
The current study throws fresh light on the subject, arguing that the clitoris is stimulated to activate the brain before and during the penile penetration, so that the female body is able to accept, along with sexual pleasure, the ejaculated sperm to ensure the best possible chances of reproductive success. Other words, “now unavoidable. In
The clitoris — an appraisal of its reproductive function during the fertile years. Roy J. Levin. Clinical Anatomy (2019). DOI: 10.1002 / ca.23498. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/ca.23498