More than 90 per cent of all diabetes mellitus in the world is the second type of diabetes mellitus, which affects the lifestyle and the environment, according to experts.
It was once spoken as diabetic, but already present in children and adolescents. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obese" The Slovak Diabetes Association (SDS) says Zbynek Schroner's Vice President. He added that young people are overweight and cause obesity Poor food with excessive consumption of high-energy, low-fiber foods.
"We are talking about the so-called Coca-Colonization of lifestyle" Schroner says. According to him, an important factor for children is a sedentary lifestyle. The incidence of type 2 diabetes is different in different countries. In the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan, we can say a significant increase. In Europe, the second type of diabetes mellitus is most commonly found in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western Europe.However, according to Schroner, a growing number of cases emerge in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is still rarely present. Or But we are concerned that this situation will get worse, “he says.
The basis of prevention and treatment is not drug, but non-pharmacological measures, ie healthy eating and exercise. Or Parents play a big role when they take their children to the right life. It is very important that children have physical activities, so a good choice does not exercise on a bicycle, such as skating, dancing or dog, " Schroner says. However, it is important that diabetes is a whole society.
"The second type of genes allows for diabetes, but they do not do it" SDS says Viera Doničová. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the development of the disease. Ins Risk factors such as diabetes incidence in the direct family relationship or high blood sugar in the past are important. There is an increased risk of women with previous diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and heart disease. Doničová loved it.
Patients with certain risk factors should be tested once a year. It is recommended that blood glucose levels should be tested every three years even in patients without risk factors. According to the 2002 Diabetes Prevention Program, people with high blood sugar levels reduced their diabetes risk by 31 percent compared to those without any active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start exercising or changing your eating habits," said SDK chief Katarina Rašlová. In addition, it is important to increase the awareness of people about healthy foods.