Dubai, United Arab Emirates (CNN) – Can one think of something that combines a crater on Mars and a lake on Earth? It seems that the American “NASA” space agency has an opinion on this.
NASA’s rover spacecraft “Perseverance Rover” managed to land safely on Mars on February 18 and aims to explore the “Jizero” crater.
though has not reached any human being on this crater, the researchers, “The World According to Observatory” website, which is a similar natural landmark in the world, so they have some idea what to expect neither thanks to Lake Salda in southwestern Turkey. NASA is online.
Is there anything in common between them?
The two sites contain similar minerals and geological features.
According to the region, Salda Lake is the only known lake in the world that contains carbonaceous minerals and sedimentary features similar to the “Jizero” crater, which was previously believed to contain a lake.
The dark colored deposits in Salda Lake were eroded due to severe exposure to the surrounding rocks, and the light colored deposits were composed of hydromagnesite.
Using data from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft, the researchers discovered a mixture of water basin minerals and carbonate along the western edges of the “Jizero” crater, which scientists believe formed the shore of an ancient lake.
What is the importance of the light colored sediments in Salda Lake?
#CountdownToMars is turned on! We can’t believe it was just ONE day after the @NASAPersevere navigator landed at Jezero Crater. 🎉 one has set foot crater, but we have some ideas about what we can expect thanks to # Salt Lake in Turkey. 🚀 https://t.co/x2MdicoEmX https://t.co/2EpqAZctDn
Researchers at Lake Salda are particularly interested in light-colored deposits, as they can help look for biomarkers, i.e. evidence of past or present life in the crater on Mars.
It is believed that the hydromagnesite deposits around Lake Salda were eroded from large hills called microbialites, which are rocks formed with the help of microbes.
Hydromagnesite deposits may be similar to carbonate minerals found in the “Jizero” crater.
According to the site, these structures in themselves are good indicators that the microbes were previously active, so researchers will try to find signs of their presence in the rocks of the Martian crater.
The delta near the “Jizero” crater may be another proof that it embraces an ancient lake.
Likewise, Lake Salda contains mud fans filled with sediment eroding from the surrounding rocks.
The team will be able to learn more about the deposition processes in the Mars Crater by examining how the stones settle for the mud fans of Lake Salda.