Prostate cancer, which is the second most common cancer incidence in men, constitutes 15% of all tumors diagnosed each year.
It is very important to know what the characteristic symptoms are to prevent this condition. When prostate cancer is detected early, chances of recovering patients are better.
The most common symptoms of prostate cancer are:
Difficulties in urinating
There may be a burning or burning sensation, the difficulty of sustaining a continuous flow, a desire to urinate frequently, going to the toilet several times a night, or urinary retention (ability to urinate).
Pain in the back, hips or pelvis
Prostate cancer causes this type of pain because the tumor exerts pressure on nerve endings.
According to experts, prostate cancer can be caused by the combined action of genetic and lifestyle factors. This type of cancer is triggered when the prostate cells undergo mutation following DNA exchange. Cancer cells will grow faster and start to multiply than normal cells, eliminate healthy tissues and form a tumor. This tumor may be confined to the prostate region, invading or metastasizing nearby tissues when cancer affects other organs.
The main risk factors for prostate cancer are:
Over 65 years
The mean age at diagnosis of prostate cancer was 69 years. As men age, the risk of prostate cancer increases.
A cancer story, especially prostate cancer
Men with a family member diagnosed with this disease have a double prostate cancer risk. If the relative took this diagnosis before the age of 65, the risk is even greater. Family history of other cancers such as ovarian, breast, colon, or pancreatic cancer also increases the risk of men developing prostate cancer.
There are some genes involved in this situation by the researchers.
Men of African origin have a 73% higher risk of prostate cancer. Experts have not identified the exact cause of this risk, but are thought to be related to genetic, historical factors and climate. Asian men have the lowest risk, but when they apply a diet similar to the Europeans, they are more exposed to such cancer.
Overweight or obesity
Obese men are at risk of having aggressive forms of prostate cancer, slower recovery from surgery, and less survival.
Smoking, alcohol and chewing tobacco
A diet with refined oils or trans fats, processed foods, many sugars and refined carbohydrates greatly increases the risk of suffering from prostate cancer.
In addition, a direct link between vegetables, especially broccoli and cauliflower and very low forms of aggressive prostate cancer has been identified.
Lack of motion and sedentary lifestyle
Vitamin D deficiency
Men who are rarely exposed to sun are more likely to suffer from this condition.
Excessive calcium intake, especially from supplements
It is not clear why, but tall and obese men are more susceptible to this type of cancer.
Exposure to toxic chemicals
There are many legends of this type of cancer, but experts have found that taking frequent sexual activity, vasectomy, taking aspirin or taking statin therapy to lower cholesterol is not at risk of such a diagnosis.