It is a small organ in the base of the pituitary or pituitary gland, close to the base of the bridge of the nose. The hypothalamus is associated with a structure called pituitary rod. Despite its small size, this gland plays a very important role in the body, responsible for the production of many essential hormones for proper functioning of endocrine and reproductive systems.
Here are the functions of the pituitary gland in the body at the same time does not work properly what can happen!
What is the role of the pituitary gland?
The pituitary gland is divided into the anterior lobe (adenopobias) and the posterior lobe (neurocardium). Each lobe secretes hormones with different functions in the body.
Adenohypophysis helps in secretion:
- HGH Growth Hormone – important because it stimulates the growth and growth of tissues, especially muscle and bone.
- Thyroid hormone TSH (thyreotropin) – is required for proper functioning of the metabolism.
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH (corticotropin) – stimulates the adrenal glands to produce other important hormones, including cortisol.
- Follicle-stimulating hormone FSH (follitropin) – stimulates ovarian development in women and increases sperm production in men.
- Luteinizing hormone LH (lutropin) – is involved in the production of estrogen in women and testosterone in men.
- Lactotropic hormone PRL (prolactin) – promotes breastfeeding.
In addition, adenohypophysis stimulates the secretion of endorphins ("happy hormones", which stimulate the brain's pleasure centers and have analgesic effects), enkephalin and melanocytic stimulating hormones (MRH).
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