diabetes It has become a public health problem in the world. In Peru, according to data from the Ministry of Health (Minsa), about 15 million of this disease suffer from about 1.4 million people. Lima, Arequipa and Piura offer more cases because of the more modern lifestyle and access to processed products.
This disease causes increased glucose (sugar) in the blood. Since its diagnosis, it is important to ensure that the patient has adequate control as it may involve other organs such as the eye, kidney and brain. This is the Vision Ophthalmic Clinic Specialist. Announced by Héctor Palacios.
"Diabetes direct damage to eyes that affect different parts of this organBut the larger the retina. The lesion in this layer, diabetic retinopathy, high blood sugar levels of the blood vessels of the retina caused by the ocular effect is produced. "Said.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1% of the world's leading causes of visual impairment are produced by diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs as mild symptoms in the blood vessels of the retina, microaneurysms, microhemorrhages, and even inflammation of the macula, as well as symptoms that allow the central part of the retina to be seen. On the other hand, in more advanced cases, the body creates new vessels while trying to give blood. However, they are abnormal and do not provide accurate blood flow.
In addition, the disease can be produced with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type 1 is caused by a problem in the immune system, while type 2 develops and appears at any time in the patient's life. It's about eating habits and lifestyle.
What to do?
Palacios explained that the treatment of this disease was surgery. There are currently two procedures: laser photocoagulation (which destroys the abnormal structures of the retina) and vitrectomy (a technique that eliminates the vitreous, transparent gel that fills the ocular cavity).
In addition, there are drugs that inhibit the formation of abnormal blood vessels administered via intravitreal injections (in the eye). If patients are examined on time and follow standard treatment guidelines, less than 5% of diabetes patients will experience severe vision loss.
The specialist suggested that diabetic patients should have periodic control with endocrinologists. According to the expert, frequent examinations are important, he said. Finally, he recommends choosing a balanced diet, exercising and avoiding alcoholic beverages. (And)