World Diabetes Awareness Within the framework of the World Week, the World Health Organization – World Health Organization – calls for the prevention, treatment and care of diabetes; According to the latest report published by the institution, in 2012, a total of 1.5 million deaths worldwide are represented by the disease.
In recent calculations, the highest prevalence of diabetes in Latin America and Caribbean countries is Belize (12.4%) and Mexico (10.7%). Managua, Guatemala City and Bogota have a rate of between 8% and 10%. The United States has a prevalence of about 9.3% reaching almost 16% on the Mexican-US border.
To counter the progress of this disease, health officials and various associations have insisted that two ways to control it and enjoy a better quality of life are physical exercise and proper nutrition. The National Preventive Program and the Center for Disease Control (CENAPRECE) proposes a diet containing reduced portions of animal-derived foods based on cereals, vegetables, fruits and legumes. Likewise, it is advisable to avoid unhealthy oils such as saturated fats and trans fats in processed products, such as cookies, salted snacks, cakes or French fries. Instead, the election fruit instead of sugar as well as white meats such as turkey, recommends chicken skin or fishy because red meat has less cholesterol and fatty acid based.
As regards carbohydrates, the authorities, including the World Health Organization, emphasize the importance of reducing the consumption of refined and added sugars as they significantly increase the level of glucose in the blood. However, for those who prefer sweet tastes, they do not affect glycemic indices and do not help weight control, which is another risk factor for diabetes patients. It is also completely safe for people of all ages.
In addition, experts emphasize the need for aerobic and weight training. In the first case, they recommend mid-intensity exercises for five days a week for 30 minutes. Such practices help the body better use insulin, strengthen the heart, reduce blood sugar and blood pressure, and reduce cholesterol. Weight training strengthens the muscles and bones and makes the body more susceptible to insulin. It is recommended to perform this activity between two to three days per week.
With these recommendations, people with diabetes are expected to have a better quality of life and to reduce the chances of complications that may lead to premature death if not addressed. Adequate nutrition and physical exercise practice are the key to treating this disease and protecting health.