Saturday , December 5 2020

Malaria in the world: 5 figures to remember

On Monday (November 19th), the World Health Organization (WHO) presented its annual report on the fight against malaria. The number of cases is increasing and international organizations are disclosing stagnant policies.

► Two million additional cases

According to a report published by the World Health Organization (WHO) on Monday (November 19th), malaria reached 219 million people in 2017. Compared to 2010, the number of cases is decreasing, but the general trend is stagnation. "We must change coursedirector, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said. We are not on our way to reach two goals: Reduce the incidence of malaria and associated mortality by 40% from 2015 levels. "

► Five countries for half of cases

This is probably the most frightening information in this report: five countries account for almost half of all malaria cases alone. One-fourth of those infected were in Nigeria, 11% in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), 5% in Mozambique, 4% in Uganda, and 4% in India. . 200 million patients or 92% are in Africa. And these countries are countries where the WHO has made a strong increase, including Nigeria, Madagascar and DRC. In contrast, India reported three million fewer cases.

► 16,000 fewer deaths per year

Good news from this report: The death rate due to malaria falls. 435,000 people lost their lives in 2017, fewer than 16,000 in 2016, and less than 172,000 in 2010. But as the situation improved, Africa was the hardest hit. Asia & # 39;. Children under the age of five represent the majority of victims. Actually"A child under five years of age cannot be accepted every two minutes of this preventable and treatable disease"Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said.

Malaria has been killed more than Ebola in Guinea

► 3.1 billion dollars investment

The amount of mobilization to combat malaria in 2017 was 3.1 billion dollars or 2.7 billion euros. More than a quarter of these funds came from the affected countries, but the United States is the largest contributor to the $ 1.2 billion investment (€ 1 billion). Africa has absorbed three quarters of these funds. But " investment level in the fight against malaria is insufficient "WHO is demanding $ 6.6 billion (€ 5.7 billion) a year to recover malaria damage by 2020.

► 624 million impregnated mosquito net

Between 2015-2017, the main prevention tool for malaria, mosquito nets were treated with 624 million insecticides. Of these, 552 million were distributed to help with the disease. WHO estimates that half of the population at risk is now sleeping under a mosquito net in Africa, but this figure is only slightly elevated. "At the same time, the resistance of the parasite to antimalarials and mosquito insecticides also threatens future progress"stimulates the organization.

A first malaria vaccine tested under real conditions

Audrey Dufour (with AFP)

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