The fight against malaria is running out of steam, the World Health Organization's disclosure in a report. The most affected countries show an increase in the number of cases and the allocated resources are insufficient.
Despite many efforts to protect the disease, and after several years of diminishing cases, malaria is a threat to millions of people around the world. This is a tragic result of the report on the pathology of the World Health Organization (WHO) published on Monday (November 19th). A total of 219 million cases were recorded in 2017. It is a stagnation figure since it was 217 million in the previous year.
"No one should die of malaria. But the world faces a new reality: with the stagnation of progress, we risk years of business."In the report, the general director of the organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said. Because in previous years, the number of cases fell from 239 million in 2010 to 214 million in 2015. But the fight against the epidemic is now. "Neutral"He condemns the WHO.
Gaps in Coverage
Malaria is a contagious disease caused by parasites and transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. If there are treatments to treat, not everyone can access it. It is responsible for approximately 435,000 deaths worldwide each year, of which 262,000 are children under 5 years of age. WHO says that in the beginning of the 2000s, the rate of malaria was reduced with mosquito nets, new drugs and money spent in war. But since 2013, it's almost the same.
In 2017, approximately 70% of malaria cases were concentrated in 10 African countries and India. And secondly, in 2017 there was a decline in morbidity associated with disease, while African countries recorded 3.5 million more cases than in the previous year. WHO refers to gaps in the coverage area. Despite the increase in the distribution and use of impregnated mosquito nets, he predicts that he is not sleeping under half the people at risk.
"A strong impact for a large burden"
Since the organization explains some progress, the picture is not completely black. In China and El Salvador, where malaria has long been endemic, no local transmission was reported in 2017. Paraguay is the first country in the United States to survive the disease in 45 years. "Intense efforts across the country can successfully reduce the risk people face"WHO concludes.
He intends to implement a new strategy of action, titled yeni A strong impact for a large burden Bu. The institution will first work with the ten most affected African countries. Its purpose is to become a ST facilitator ın that coordinates the work of governments, NGOs and health actors.
But we have to have the tools for that. However, global contributions to the fight against malaria – for AIDS or tuberculosis – have not changed since 2008. Today, 2.5 billion euros are spent each year. By 2020, the United Nations should have at least 40% more than twice this figure to achieve the goal of reducing morbidity and mortality caused by the disease.
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