Tuesday , May 17 2022

Schizophrenia, the most disturbing mental illness



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schizophrenia Thinking is a complex brain disease that affects certain functions that govern emotion, behavior, and perception. Although its prevalence is low (one percent of the world population), more obstructive conditions, Because, usually in adolescence, one of the most productive periods of life, UNAM is confirmed in Raúl Escamilla.

Subspecialists in Ramón de la Fuente, from the National Institute of Psychiatry, report that “schizophrenia or psychosis is often associated with severe patients, but if they are controlled and medicated; Also, those who suffer from other diseases may be more severe, Ram said Ramón de la Fuente, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health (FM) of the Faculty of Medicine in the auditorium.

Sufferers schizophrenia They lose contact with reality. This disorder is inherent in mental problems and certain medical conditions, and the best way to help is to avoid stigmatizing people about it.

Escamilla explained that loss of contact with reality may involve better known sensoperception changes. hallucinations or distortions.

The most common is the auditory: sounds, murmurs, or scattered sounds (the most disqualified the patient), but may also be visual, smell, touch or somatic hallucinations.

In addition to perceived distortion, the affected person has stubbornly held hallucinations. persecution and delusions of greatness. In addition, celotypeia suffers from bipolar disorder, psychotic or somatic symptoms (when the person thinks that he / she has a health problem that does not exist), it is otik extremely hypochondriatic Ayrıca.

When a person notices a mental health problem, he initially starts with a general practitioner or psychologist, and even looks for an explanation of a spiritual or supernatural species, because y delusions vary according to the patient's cultural context and personality lı said the expert.

the symptomology

schizophrenia It is accompanied by genel negative symptoms gis such as general indifference that may be confused with depression; loss of ability to enjoy things; lack of initiative; small socialization and isolation.

Other recently characterized symptoms are those related to cognition with higher mental functions such as attention, concentration, abstraction, planning and memory. These, together with "negative symptoms", make treatment difficult; As a result, Raúl Escamilla said that patients had a poor functioning level.

Generally schizophrenia It occurs in adolescence and requires a change in the process of maturation of the central nervous system. Regarding risk factors, one of the most well-known is genetic, but a relative related to psychopathology or schizophrenia is not a determinant in developing these conditions.

Some of the causes are still unknown, because many patients who have not experienced a stressful environment or have no triggering effect have not developed this condition without apparent cause; However, there are more risk factors, the probability increases.

Finally, he stated that the disease started earlier, the prognosis was more difficult, and the treatment became more complicated and the patient had deteriorated.

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