Thursday , August 11 2022

Superbugs kills millions by 2050 unless countries move


Bacteria strains that resist the effects of drugs designed to kill them develop as humans consume more and more antibiotics. (AFP image)

PARIS: Millions of people in Europe, North America, and Australia will die of superbug infections unless they prioritize combating the growing threat by bacteria that are immune to the best-known drugs.

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has warned of eni disastrous consequences int for public health and expenditures, as the basic hospital hygiene increases and unnecessary use of antibiotics is not interrupted.

Drug-resistant bacteria have killed more than 33,000 people in Europe in 2015, according to new research published separately this week.

In a landmark report, the OECD said that by 2050, 2.4 million people would die of super-insects and that the cost of treating such infections would be an average of 3.5 billion US dollars (three billion euros) per year in each country included in the analysis.

Michele Cecchini, who led public health in the OECD, told AFP that countries have already spent an average of 10% on health budgets for the treatment of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) errors.

Pahalı More than the AMR flu, more than HIV, more expensive than tuberculosis. It would be even more expensive for countries not to take action to solve this problem. Ül

Great Death Hall

While people consume more antibiotics – or with prescription or agriculture and with livestock products that give drugs against infection – the strains of bacteria resist the effects of drugs designed to kill them.

In low- and middle-income countries, resistance is already high: in Indonesia, Brazil and Russia are already resistant to at least one antibiotic up to 60% of bacterial infections.

The growth of AMR infections is estimated to be four to seven times faster than in 2030.

In The high rates of resistance in health care systems, which have already weakened by already constrained budgets, will create the conditions for a tremendous death wage, to a large extent carried by newborns, very young children and the elderly,. The report said.

Lar Even small disruptions in the kitchen, small surgeries or diseases like pneumonia can be life-threatening. “

Perhaps more alarming, the OECD predicts that the resistance to antibiotic-resistant infections in the 2nd and 3rd place will be 70% ballooning by 2030.

Ler These are the antibiotics we want to use as much as possible, because we don't want to use them, Cec said Cecchini.

”Basically, we use it more when we need to use less, and we use our best options in emergencies.“

How to prevent disaster

The group, which advises the World Health Organization on public health initiatives, said the only way to prevent catastrophe is to implement instant changes in behavior in the sector.

The report called on health professionals to provide better universal hygiene standards in hospitals and clinics, washing hands of all staff and insisting they adhere to more stringent safety regimes.

At the same time, he suggested that resistance could be improved by better and faster tests to determine if an infection was viral – that is, antibiotics are useless – or bacterium.

The new swab tests could give results within a few minutes, and Cecchini suggested the idea of ​​Cec delayed prescriptions beklet by waiting for three days before antibiotic use. to carry out his course.

In the trials of the technique, two-thirds of patients who received prescribed antibiotics had never received the drug.

The OECD said the changes would cost $ 2 per capita (€ 1.7) per year and would save millions of lives and billion dollars in the middle of the century.

Cak They will reduce the AMR's burden by 75% in these countries, Cec said Cecchini. ”In a few months it will pay for itself and save a significant amount of money.“

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