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- If you are 20 years old, it is important to have some health screening tests.
- Experts, everyone in this age group should be screened for high cholesterol, high blood pressure and HIV, he says.
- Those with certain risk factors may need screening for diabetes, skin cancer and sexually transmitted gonorrhea and chlamydia.
- People with cervical onset should start screening Pap smears (cervical cancer).
There may be twenty-one things to quit their doctor's appointments and health tests until they turn 20, but there are some impressions they shouldn't expect to take.
This is especially true in the case of tests of herhangi silent enfeksiyon conditions that can damage health without causing any symptoms, such as high blood pressure and certain sexually transmitted infections.
INSIDER is a cardiologist and co-founder of LabFinder. Robert Segal had asked for an online service that helped patients do research and make appointments for medical tests.
Remember that you may need different or more frequent testing depending on your medical history and family history, so it is always best to consult your doctor for personalized advice. However, in general, there are several basic tests suggested for many young adults, Segal explained.
Most of them are part of the annual visits to your practitioner and / or gynecologist, but it never hurts to ask for them to be tested.
Read on to learn more about the screening tests of all people in their 20s – plus a few things that are important for those 20 years of age with specific risk factors.
1. Blood pressure test
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Having high blood pressure shows that the force of your blood pushing towards your arteries is constantly high. Over time, high blood pressure damages the arteries of the arteries, and this damage can be both fatal and can cause heart attack and stroke.
Unuz High blood pressure is a silent killer, because you're not really interested in symptoms until you're dead,. Said Segal.
Read more: 8 deadly conditions that may not show obvious symptoms at first
Therefore, the importance of testing your blood pressure is very important. Fortunately, the test is usually part of routine doctor appointments.
Blood pressure readings consist of two numbers: first, systolic blood pressure, indicating how much pressure you have on your arterial walls when your heart beats; the second is diastolic blood pressure, which shows the amount of pressure in the arterial walls when the heart is rested. Segal said 130/80 or higher readings were considered high.
AHA recommends that everyone check their blood pressure at least every two years from the age of 20 years. If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may recommend more frequent testing.
2. Cholesterol test
There are two types of cholesterol: LDL and HDL. LDL is the olü bad kol type that contributes to the accumulation of fat in the arteries, and HDL is the yağ good type LD that helps to remove excess cholesterol from the arteries. (Segal presented a handy reminder device which to remember: which LDL sucks; HDL is happy.)
If you're circulating too much LDL or a very small amount of HDL in your blood, cholesterol can be combined with other substances and can build up, thicken and harden thick plaques into your veins and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. AHA.
AHA is the main culprits behind lifestyle factors (such as a lack of cigarette and physical activity), although some people receive high cholesterol due to genetic factors. And, as with high blood pressure, you may be completely unaware of what you have.
Yok High cholesterol usually has no symptoms, Se said Segal. ”It is therefore important to check, especially if you have a history of family heart disease or stroke.“
AHA recommends that everyone undergo cholesterol testing every 4 to 6 years from the age of 20, although people with high cholesterol risk need more frequent testing.
3. HIV testing
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Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is the infection that can lead to AIDS if not treated. In the US, more than 1.1 million people live with HIV, but they are unlikely to be aware of their situation.
"One in seven people with HIV doesn't know what they have, so they don't get treatment and they can be infected with others without knowing HIV," said Segal. Or Men, women, all sexual orientations, all colors and people of all ages are getting infected. So it's especially important to do this test at your age of 20, especially if you're not in a safe sexual relationship. "
Read more: A sexually transmitted disease can be caught and can show zero symptoms. In this case, how can you tell if the virus is infected?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone at least once take an HIV test between 13 and 64 years of age. Persons who have unprotected sexual intercourse or who share injection medicine equipment should be tested at least once a year.
You can use the CDC's Tested Testing tool to search for free HIV test locations near you.
4. Skin cancer control
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Skin cancer, elderly people who have been sunbathing for years can not be found. According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), the earliest skin cancer Melanoma is the second most common cancer among women aged 15 to 29 years.
Skin cancer symptoms may change dramatically. The disease, as previously reported, may manifest as a changing mole, a non-healing wound, or even a humble skin tuber. It may also occur in places where it is not possible under your fingernails or in places not exposed to the sun.
Read more: 9 fine signs of skin cancer
And when skin cancers are detected early, they can almost always be treated, and those who avoid detection can be much more serious. Therefore, AAD recommends regular self-checks for everyone to investigate possible skin cancer symptoms. (Here is a guide that explains the right way to do it.)
However, Segal said that people with certain risk factors such as family history of skin cancer, prolonged sun exposure, tanning bed use, and light skin tone are at higher risk for the disease and that the dermatologist may need skin control.
People with a personal history of melanoma should always have annual full-body skin checks performed by a dermatologist, the AAD says. For another person, a dermatologist can give a personalized advice on how often you need a skin examination.
5. A1C test for Type 2 diabetes
. What we're looking for in the 20's is diabetes, Se Segal said. ”We do what is called the Hemoglobin A1C test.“
According to the US National Institutes of Health, the A1C test is a blood test that measures your blood glucose level during the previous three months. It is used in the identification of type 2 diabetes, because the blood sugar is very high, because the body cannot use insulin well and is a condition where the blood glucose is higher than normal but is yet to be high.
It is important to know if you have type 2 diabetes, because having the disease increases your risk of heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic. Furthermore, if untreated, type 2 diabetes can cause long-term complications such as nerve damage, eye damage, and foot or foot amputation.
The recommendations of the American Diabetes Association suggest that all people should be screened for type 2 diabetes from the age of 45, but these tests should be used in adults of all ages, or even younger, if they are overweight or obese and need at least one. . risk factor for disease. These risk factors include high blood pressure, polycystic ovary syndrome in women, first-degree relatives with diabetes, physical inactivity, and more. As always, a doctor can help you determine whether the test is right for you.
6. Pap smear
Pap smear, according to American College of Cancer and Gynecologists' (ACOG), sees abnormal changes in cervical cells before cancer is caught, which means that potential problems can be caught early.
The test is performed by a doctor who uses the scraping tool of the cells from the cervix in a fast (but slightly inconvenient) procedure. Segal then announced that these cells were sent to a laboratory for analysis.
Doctors advised Pap's annual smears. However, these recommendations have changed in 2012, after seeing that the Pap '' test every few years to catch cancer is still as effective as the annual test. According to the ACOG, cervical cell changes usually return to normal on their own, reducing unnecessary panic from abnormal results.
Read more: A simple guide for Pap smear – what you want and when you should get exactly
ACOG currently recommends that healthy patients between the ages of 21 and 29 receive Pap smears every three years. Everyone under the age of 21 doesn't need to take the test.
Tir The previous guidelines recommended that the first Pap test be performed three years after having sex, but it is currently recommended that you wait until you are 21, because adolescents have a lower risk of cervical cancer, and these cervical cell abnormalities are more likely to disappear. On their own, ına said Segal.
7. Gonorrhea and chlamydia tests
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are both sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria (STDs). (In the US also on the rise.)
And since there are no signs of many people caught in this sexually transmitted disease, the test is the only way to know if you're infected. Doing the test can be as easy as peeing into a cup – but sometimes a health care provider will test infections by rubbing the swab with genital organs to collect diseases.
CDC recommends that all sexually active women under the age of 25 receive annual screening tests for both chlamydia and gonorrhea. With some risk factors (such as new or multiple sex partners), women older than 25 years should also take annual tests for two infections. CDC, and all sexually active men who have sex with men, regardless of their age, should take annual tests for chlamydia and gonorrhea (such as syphilis).
If you are not sure which STD tests to take, consult a doctor. There is also a short quiz that can help you determine which tests you need in CDC.
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