The Paneviyotikžys Department of the National Public Health Center within the Ministry of Health celebrates the European Antibiotics Day every year on November 18th in Lithuania and Europe. The aim of today is to remind the public to improve public health professionals and public health threats against antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria and the correct use of antibiotics.
How does antibiotic resistance develop?
Bacteria, antibiotics become resistant to antibiotics when they lose the ability to kill bacteria or stop their growth. Some bacteria are naturally resistant to some antibiotics (natural or natural resistance). Even worse, any of the bacteria that are usually exposed to the effects of antibiotics are resistant to them due to genetic changes (acquired resistance). Resistant bacteria survive antibiotics and continue to cause proliferation, disease prevention, and even death. Infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria may require alternative and more expensive antibiotics that are more harmful and have more side effects.
Self-healing antibiotics – irresponsible antibiotic use
Antibiotics do not fight against infections caused by viruses such as colds or flu. Antibiotics do not reduce fever and do not include symptoms such as sneezing, nasal discharge. Up to 80% of the common cold is viral, so you are not better with antibiotics. They only fight effective bacterial infections. Misuse of antibiotics, bacteria become resistant to antibiotic treatment only. Therefore, if you need antibiotics in the future, they may be ineffective.
Antibiotics should only be prescribed by your doctor.
Many colds can cause the same symptoms, but their treatment may vary. If you prescribe antibiotics before and if you have fully recovered, if you experience similar symptoms, you want to take the antibiotic prescribed before. However, the physician, who has recently examined you, can determine whether antibiotics are necessary to reduce the current symptoms.
How can you contribute to the correct use of antibiotics?
- Never collect antibiotics for subsequent treatment. If you have received more antibiotics than you have given (such as tablets, capsules), ask your pharmacist what to do with the rest of the drug.
- Never try to take antibiotics without prescription.
- Under no circumstances should you use antibiotics from previous treatment.
- Never share antibiotic residues with other people.
Vaccines against influenza and pneumococcal infections will help prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics.
Antibiotics are indicated for the development of a complex type of bacterial influenza. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common complication of influenza and causes the patient to be hospitalized.
In particular, vaccination with influenza and pneumococcal vaccines for risk groups is inevitably taking and taking antibiotics as it aims to protect people from influenza and bacterial complications.
More people were vaccinated in the Panevezys region from influenza and pneumococcal infection
In Panev kişižys, more and more people are vaccinated every year with both public compensated influenza vaccines: 2015. 9 714 people were vaccinated in 2016 – 10 454, 2017 – already 11 885 people. There is also an increase in the number of vaccines for pneumococcal vaccination for persons at risk, infants and others: in 2015, vaccinated in 1 906, 2016 – 2 367, 2017 – 2,194 people.