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Message from the doctor about children exposed to infection: everything is determined by the behavior of the parents



When the news portal contacted Darius Varashkevich, head of the Emergency and Intensive Care Unit of the Children's Hospital at the Kaunas Clinical Hospital, the situation of both children was stable. Children conscious.

“The child is suspected of having a meningococcal infection without meningitis, and she has daring meningitis. The appearance is positive for both children, doktor says the doctor.

When the parents noticed the first symptoms, they sought medical attention. Doubt arose when rashes appeared on the bodies of hot children.

Family members of children were already given antimicrobial prophylaxis. This is also recommended for sick children in the kindergarten group. It is also recommended to monitor the well-being and condition of children.

Get medical attention immediately if symptoms are suspected.

What is meningococcal infection?

Meningococcal infection is an acute bacterial infection in which the most serious clinical forms are blistering sepsis (blood infection) or purulent meningitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal cord).

pathogen

This infection is caused by Neisseria meningitidis, a gram-negative bacteria. This bacterium causes almost half of bacterial meningitis. More than 13 types are distinguished, but the most common are A, B, C, Y and W135. This infection is common worldwide. The disease, the most common type A disease in Africa, reaches epidermis levels in sub-Saharan Africa, a region commonly known as the "meningitis belt". Type A is rare in Europe and types B and C are the most common. Diseases are more common in the cold season: autumn-winter-spring.

How is meningococcal infection transmitted?

Infection is spread by air droplets and inhaled during close contact with sensitive persons. The infection can occur both in the sick person and in healthy bacteria carriers. Bacteria can last for several weeks. Meningococcal infection is dangerous for people of all ages, but is most common in children under 5 years of age. There are other risks, including viral respiratory infections, immunosuppression, stress and others.

What are the symptoms?

Early symptoms of meningococcal disease resemble a common cold: fever, headache, chills, stiff neck, vomiting. As the disease progresses, the course of the disease worsens – skin rash develops The following clinical forms are distinguished: localized – mild (meningococcal erosion, acute nasopharyngeal inflammation); generalized – severe (meningococcemia, meningitis, meningoencephalitis); Rare forms (pericarditis, endocarditis, arthritis, polyarthritis, pneumonia, etc.).

What is treatment?

Antibiotics are used to treat meningococcal infection. If you are ill, we recommend that you consult your personal health care provider, your doctor, who will provide appropriate treatment.

How do we protect against meningococcal infection?

As with other infections, it is important to ensure this. To minimize contact of a sick person with healthy individuals. Antimicrobial prophylaxis is recommended only in close contact with the patient. Recommended to reduce the risk of infection:

wash your hands regularly;

coughing and sneezing obeying etiquette (when coughing or sneezing, cover nose and mouth with disposable handkerchief, used – discard in waste bin);

ventilate and clean the room regularly;

It is important to keep the patient in as little contact as possible with healthy people.

Vaccination?

The meningococcal vaccine is recommended for people traveling to high-risk meningococcal infections..Vaccines are used in Lithuania and Europe to protect against meningococcal infection types A, B, C, Y and W. Vaccination is recommended for those traveling to countries where this infection is common. If a parent or guardian wishes to vaccinate her child or to vaccinate themselves against meningococcal infection, she should seek personal health care.

If you notice the symptoms of the disease, take action immediately:

Seek medical attention whether day or night;

Tell us about the symptoms your child is experiencing;

do all the research on the advice of your doctor to find out the cause of your child's illness;

If you or your child has been discharged after the examination, monitor your child's or your child's immediate deterioration day or night.


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