According to the National Cancer Institute, approximately 18 thousand people are diagnosed each year in our country. new oncological diseases, almost 20% deaths of the Lithuanian population is due to cancer-related deaths.
According to scientists, about 80% are determined by the cancer lifestyle and the environment. In particular, the risk of cancer increases with smoking (even passive), alcohol abuse, long-term stress, negative emotions (anger, jealousy, pessimism, etc.) as it weakens the immune system.
The National Cancer Institute notes the following: Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of at least 7 types of cancer: oral, esophageal, pharyngeal, laryngeal, liver, ovary (colon and right), breast. Using any amount of alcohol increases the risk of cancer – the more you use it, the greater the risk.
In addition, alcohol consumption affects the development of various other diseases. It may be a cause of liver cirrhosis or pancreatic inflammation, and may lead to mental and behavioral disorders such as stroke, heart failure, depression in children, aggression, memory loss, mental illness, alcoholic liver disease and leukemia.
Serga and teens
Speaking of the risk of oncological diseases, Gediminas POLižys, Vice President of the Association of Oncology Patients (POLA), stressed that the study was caused by harmful habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption or others.
"Although we often hear the connection between smoking and lung cancer in the public domain, the fact that the harmful lifestyle of the body also affects many other oncological diseases," he said.
Interestingly, although cancer is still seen as a disease of the elderly, a tendency has been observed for a period of time when oncological diseases are diagnosed at an age. It is believed that this is influenced by the modern diet, more precisely, today we have received many over-the-counter materials, such as various flavor enhancers, sweeteners, dyes and the like.
Dır Therefore, to reduce this risk, food labels and most natural foods should be read carefully. We also have to adhere to the principles of a full-fledged and balanced diet, "said the vice-president of the association.
Time is important to diagnose
According to experts, cancer is a malicious disease that often does not show any symptoms until the interventions of other organs are very advanced. On the other hand, modern science and methods of diagnosis and treatment have advanced a lot.
”Nowadays, we have the opportunity to prevent them from occurring, although we are not only aware of the early stages of cancer, but also of advanced therapies that allow a complete treatment for some cancers, and in some cases are aware of certain changes over time,“ he said. Žižys.
Implementing preventive programs
The State Patient Fund (VLK) is currently reporting that four cancer prevention programs are in progress in Lithuania – people can be tested for free, compulsory health insurance and can meet their target age. The Cervical Cancer Prevention Program is open to women between 25 and 60 years of age every three years. Every two years, women between the ages of 50-70 can control breast cancer for free. Men aged 50-70 years may participate periodically in the prostate cancer prevention program, including men older than 45 years, if their parents or brothers have had prostate cancer. In addition, both men and women at the age of 50-75 years can check for colon cancer every two years.
For information on preventive programs, contact your family doctor who will provide you with a comprehensive introduction to the programs and will conduct the required research. According to VLK, 119 thousand were tested for cervical cancer prevention program, 106 thousand breast cancer, 96 thousand prostate cancer, and 230 thousand colon cancer last year. people. The disease fund for the treatment of cervical, breast, prostate and colon in the hospital paid more than 8.6 million. Compulsory Health Insurance Fund. Almost 70 million were paid for compensated antitumor drugs. Euro.
Advice to ask for help
When confronted with a diagnosis of cancer, a person tends to close, to share his experiences and fears with others. Experts say that this does not help to heal, only worsens the psychological state of the patient, leads to depression and disappointment. Currently, psychological assistance and country support, communication between patients in psychological self-help groups is very important. Most of the time, psychologists should not only help sick people, but also relatives. There are cases where family members are attacked by panic and thus cause more stress.
POLA currently consists of twenty-six non-governmental organizations operating in the field of oncology patients. This association provides assistance to patients and their relatives, conducts educational activities, organizes various seminars, conferences and events.
POLA invites people to live in similar fate communities and also to overcome an oncological disease. The National Cancer Institute and the Cancer Information Center's Cancer Information Center at the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Center offers free assistance and advice and advice to patients and their relatives at the Cancer Information and Support Center “T ,višk Kansers namai“ in Alytus. Professional psychological help Oncopsychology and communication center, spiritual aid – Franciscan Oncology Center in the Saint church.
Doctors say about 40 percent. cancers can be prevented in the following cases:
– do not smoke;
– Restrict alcohol consumption;
– Have more time for walks and exercise;
– we eat well;
– protect our ultraviolet rays;
– Protection of cancer-causing infections.