The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reported the epidemiological surveillance report of 13,547 measles cases recorded in October of this year for 12 months from September last year and 28 European Union (EU) and 31 August for the European Economic Area. (AEA) Member States.
All EU and EEA countries have been reported for measles cases in the last 12 months. The most frequently reported report by Greece is 3171. This was followed by France with 2792 cases, Italy with 2718, Romania with 1765 and Great Britain with 1007 cases. During this period, there were 38 deaths related to measles in the Member States.
In Latvia, 65 suspected measles were reported to the SPKC during this period, but the diagnosis of "measles" was approved in 23 cases since 18 December last year, including six children.
Arah emphasized that none of the sick children were immunized against measles, but four of them did not reach the age of vaccination. In three cases, children are infected with bites during a journey. In total, nine infections outside Latvia, including two foreign nationals, may occur.
As stated by the SPKC representative, measles outbreaks are associated with a reduction in vaccination coverage.
"Science and practice have proven that to prevent measles outbreaks, at least 95% of the population should be vaccinated with two doses of vaccine."
The measles virus is an extremely infectious disease, because the measles virus is easily spread by sensitive air droplets and direct contact between sensitive individuals. The larvae are spread by direct contact with air droplets. Load is a serious complication, especially in children under the age of five, in adults over 20 years, and in immunocompromised and pregnant women.
SPCC emphasized that the single effective protection against measles is a safe and effective vaccine. A combined vaccine against measles, rubella and epidemic mumps (MPR) is used. Maximum protection requires two doses of vaccine. As a result, in Latvia and other countries, the vaccination schedule for children provides two MPR. The first child takes a child of 12-15 months, but in Latvia a booster is done at the age of seven.
According to Arga, the risk of a special infection, for example, should be taken before the age of the child in the vaccination calendar, ie before the age of six, after the baby is planned to travel to a country affected by measles and after contact with the measles patient. However, the containers need to be repeated when they are 12-15 months of age, and supplementary vaccinations should be made according to the vaccination schedule from the age of seven.
SPKC epidemiologists considered the measles vaccine to be relatively good in children, and this was the reason why there were years when no measles cases were recorded in Latvia.
At the same time, the SPCC invites parents to reconsider the child's vaccination status, particularly when traveling on an international trip.
Analysis of SPCC immunization data shows that between January and June of this year, immunity against measles, rubella and epidemics has increased compared to the corresponding period in 2017. In total, in the first half of this year, 98.1% of the children received the first MPR containers and the second one received the 89.5%.