There are people who can walk all winter without a hat, scarf, gloves and not catch a cold. But for others, being in the wind or coming out of a warm room with a bit of sweat is enough because there will be a runny nose, cough and tenderness/pain in the ears. To protect yourself from upper respiratory diseases, you need to protect yourself from the cold. Walking outside should not be too cold or too hot, as sweating followed by rapid cooling can also cause a cold.
What better way to go home after physical activity at the gym or pool?
For active people who move a lot and can not move around in a hurry, I recommend choosing the so-called functional clothes – outdoor laundry. Gloves, hats and scarves are also available. This garment is good because it’s breathable – it retains heat but removes moisture faster during movement. If you choose other types of autumn/winter warm accessories, I would recommend avoiding sweating as it can happen when you need to enter warm rooms with outdoor clothes such as a store, public transport or elsewhere. Take off the gloves and hat and loosen the scarf when getting into the heat. The main thing – to be guided by inner feelings. If it stays warm, see which clothing to take off.
The common cold is self-limiting
This means that the body is fighting the virus on its own and cold symptoms should decrease or disappear significantly in about a week. Standard cold – Upper respiratory viral symptoms include runny nose, sore throat, cough, tender/stuffy ears, and transient fever. This condition can start and end on its own, whether the person is receiving treatment or not.
In cases of the common cold, medications are mainly used to reduce symptoms or discomfort while the body is dealing with the virus, so I recommend avoiding the pain and choosing pain relievers, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, nasal decongestants and agents that reduce dry cough or dry cough. sputum. , also those that reduce the feeling of pressure in the head.
When cold symptoms do not subside or become more severe within a week, and the first symptoms of a cold are prolonged fever, chest pain, pain in the face, ear, shortness of breath, and severe cough. Most likely, one of the complications of the common cold may have started – pneumonia (pneumonia), otitis media, bacterial inflammation of the nasal cavities. If ear pain, general weakness, shortness of breath and high fever persist, seek medical attention.
Do not rush with antibiotics!
According to the latest guidelines from otolaryngologists around the world, only 2% of runny nose cases actually require the use of antibiotics. In other cases, they pass on their own or other drugs are used. There are two types of medications used to treat colds – one that relieves cold symptoms and the other treats cold complications if they occur. You should start with the first ones – those with a symptomatic effect. Especially for kids.
But drug use for children or adults should not be overlooked and delayed – so these drugs that reduce symptoms are already being considered. Unfortunately, people sin by using premature antibiotics, which leads to both dysbacteriosis of the digestive tract and increased antimicrobial resistance or insensitivity to antibiotics. This is dangerous because when it is possible for you to get something more severe in the future and antibiotics are really needed, they may not work.
There is a joke in the people about a runny nose, the runny nose passes in seven days, but when taking medication – within a week. This is really true. Some people have a runny nose within six days, some – eight, children may need up to 10 days. But why bother with a stuffy nose all this time when symptomatic medications can improve your health? Of course, every cold case is individual, but antibiotics should never be taken because of a common runny nose.
Upper respiratory tract diseases in different age groups
What should be considered if the common cold occurs at different stages of life – young children, teenagers, adults or retirement age? In fact, diseases of the upper respiratory tract are equally troubling and irritating at any age. People with chronic diseases or serious illnesses have less immunity, so a little cold, runny nose and cough may be enough. The course of treatment for the common cold is the same regardless of age – start with drugs that prevent symptoms. But if the common cold is suspected of being a complication, seek medical attention.
If a child has a runny nose, cough, and fever, parents should pay special attention to the child’s recovery. If at some point the child becomes weak, he completely loses his appetite, but most importantly – he stops drinking and it is difficult to lower his body temperature, you should immediately see a doctor. This may be a sign that inpatient treatment is needed, as children tend to become dehydrated or dehydrated more quickly.
The stronger the immunity, the higher the protection.
This link is valid for all age groups. That is, people with better immunity get fewer colds. Human immunity is a complex and complex system. Strengthening it is not as simple and obvious as it seems. Using some miraculous supplements may seem like an easy way to improve your immune system, but it won’t be as effective. What anyone can do is eat healthy daily, adhere to a healthy sleep regimen, be athletic, be in the fresh air for at least two hours a day, and get enough exercise.
Immunity goes hand in hand with a person’s psycho-emotional state. The worse a person feels, the more likely they are to get sick more often and for a longer period of time. For this reason, when considering strengthening immunity, we should first consider the inner balance and the feeling of happiness. The current situation is complex enough and everyone needs to think about their daily life, where there is room for both walks and reflection, and the opportunity to prepare a healthy meal.
Ginger tea with honey and lemon?
In recent years, we love to drink strong ginger tea with honey and lemon at the first signs of a cold, thinking it helps to stop the progress of the common cold. Rather, the placebo or autosuggestion effect works here. If a person believes that tea helps, so be it. Sometimes the placebo effect never goes away.
Speaking of such a remedy, we must remember that all antitussive methods had a basis, even from ancient Egypt, until the invention of codeine – a substance that suppresses the dry cough reflex – in the first half of the 19th century. placebo effect. There is nothing wrong with ginger tea. If a person’s health improves as soon as he drinks, this is good and necessary – in pharmacology this is called a short-term clinical effect.
These cold symptoms differ from those in humans but the more common symptoms include fever, sore throat, sore throat, dry cough, severe headache, fatigue, as well as shortness of breath (possible chest tightness); muscle pain; diarrhea, nausea and runny nose.