To avoid influenza, you must first protect yourself from the misconceptions of this infectious virus infection; it deprives people not only of their working skills, but of life every day in cold months. Uga Dumpis, Specialist in Infectious Diseases Specialist at the Ministry of Health, explains the most common myths about influenza.
Legend no 1 "To be infected with influenza, a strong immunity is sufficient"
"Most people are susceptible to influenza viruses no matter how strong or weak the general immunity is. It is important to have a specific immunity against the influenza virus after the influenza vaccine or vaccination. Üyor When a new influenza virus is still called pandemic, it seems to affect a lot more people, D says Dumpis.
"If someone thinks – I won't get sick from the flu, because I'm taking vitamins and athletes, then I should know – it doesn't work." Deaths or immature diseases are more affected by specific immunity and human genetic characteristics and increase with disease, stress, fatigue, indigestion, unbalanced nutrition, overheating and cooling. It is determined by various factors, including the severity of the flu, respectively. also the body's answer.
"Because of the strong immunity, the organism is" very active "to respond to influenza viruses, and the inflammatory processes produce more pronounced symptoms for the flu, ie, the disease is more severe. He explains.
Myth no 2 "Influenza vaccine can be harmful to health"
There is no evidence of such a statement, and it cannot be scientifically proven, on the contrary, that studies have proven to be a reliable and effective vaccine. Vaccination may cause temporary reactions such as fever, swelling and pain in a suture that lasts up to two days.
As a result, it can be said that the vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of influenza. I It pays for both by comparing the price of vaccination with treatment costs and taking into account other personal economic losses associated with the disease, such as the use of sick leave. Every year people have been able to protect the vaccine in Latvia, & says Dumpis.
Myth no 3 "Influenza vaccine vaccine is especially dangerous"
Absolutely the opposite! Pregnant women are at high risk, and vaccination is especially recommended for them, and the state recovers 50% for pregnant women in the cost of purchasing influenza vaccine.
"Pregnancy is especially dangerous for pregnant women due to the high temperature, which adversely affects the development of the fetus and endangers the benefits of pregnancy.
In contrast, the infant receives the necessary proteins from the inoculated mother. Doctors who are treated with a reanimation department of a pregnant woman who has an influenza infection will not want to see these cases again in their practice. If a pregnant woman needs a cesarean because of the flu due to reanimation, it becomes awful! "Dripis speaks of influenza-induced effects.
Myth no 4 "It is not known what will happen to an influenza virus this year because it does not make sense to be vaccinated"
Influenza viruses are highly variable, so each year in preparation for the new flu season, the most common viral variants in different regions of the world in the previous seasons and the changes in the structure of these viruses are examined. Accordingly, the World Health Organization recommends the vaccine composition for the next vaccination for the northern and southern hemispheres, respectively.
Sometimes a person with a flu vaccine, especially an elderly person or a person with a weak immunity may be infected with influenza.
Although the flu vaccine cannot be protected from its disease in any case, it reduces the need for hospitalization for a patient with influenza-related complications and deaths, and this is the most effective preventive measure.
Myth no 5 "Flu can only be infected once a year"
It is more likely that people are infected with the most common influenza virus, or are more likely to be dominant in the period and region. Following the influenza vaccine, a person is immune to the influenza virus. Given that the influenza season lasts from November to May, and many different influenza viruses have spread throughout the season, it may be a repetition of influenza, especially for a non-vaccinated person, because the vaccine is protected from at least three or four of the most common influenza viruses.
As a rule, the flu epidemic begins in the second half of January, when children return to schools in places where they "change viruses" after the holidays and the infection spreads rapidly to other populations.
Myth no 6 "A person becomes contagious after first revealing the flu symptoms"
No – a person suffering from influenza infects the virus one day before it begins to feel the symptoms of the disease – fever, bone loss, dry cough, neck pain, weakness and loss of appetite. It should be kept in mind that infection is also distributed to seemingly healthy people or those with easy symptoms because they continue to participate in educational institutions, studies and other public spaces.
The virus is spread by shaking or touching household items – small droplets, infected squeaks, coughing and even talking or contact. Infection can be very easy, for example, by touching the door handle and then rubbing your nose or mouth with your dirty hands. When it reaches the airways, the virus breaks rapidly, and after a few days or a few hours, a person suddenly feels sick. In order to reduce the spread of the infection, you should usually wash your hands, clean rooms and avoid visiting public places during flu epidemics as much as possible.
The material was prepared by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Prevention and Control in the Mat Allow Grib to capture itself Ön campaign. The aim of the campaign is to promote public awareness of the influenza vaccine and to raise awareness of the importance of vaccination, especially in populations with a high risk of influenza-related complications.