The emergence of antibiotic-resistant superbugs in hospitals that require intensive care opens up disturbing scenarios: will we return from infections to the period we die? 33,000 people died in Europe in 2015 because antibiotics did not work anymore; Victims in Switzerland were 276.
Infections are becoming increasingly difficult to treat in our hospitals, such as in the urinary tract, E. coli, because the bacteria are super and the existing treatments have a fresh or almost water effect. In Switzerland, as in Europe, along with doctors, pharmacists, veterinarians, and farmers, authorities began investing millions to reduce the misuse of antibiotics to drugs (even do it yourself!), In veterinary medicine and in waters to interfere with contamination. The question is serious: the nightmare of the superbugs may drop us into medieval times. A patient who is weakened at the hospital today may die from an insignificant infection as before the antibiotic period. In England, they predicted that resistant bacteria could infect 200,000 people, and that drug research could lead to a national emergency if they could not detect effective drugs.
In the face of these scenarios, there is no need to worry – because anxiety and fear weaken us – but it is good to be informed.
In Switzerland, we cannot control what is in the water where sporadic bacteria are resistant to antibiotics. They come to lakes and rivers with wastewater. Treatment facilities will eliminate up to 99% and Bern promises to improve them.
Instead, we may avoid taking antibiotics when they are not needed. These are drugs that kill bacteria or limit their growth, but are ineffective against viruses. Therefore sinusitis, bronchitis or colds are often useless. In a recent study by Swiss family physicians, it was shown that they prescribed antibiotics in 29 cases per one thousand patients, with a figure below 2013 (40 per 1000 people). Why is it so useless? For the pressure of patients, for a parent's insistence on a hot boy, not to lose a client?
Ticino has a higher consumption of antibiotics than the cousins of Switzerland, which has not been well established, but also develops thanks to a campaign in hospitals that support effective shorter antibiotic therapies to prevent the development of resistance. And further: from an on-premises investigation, 14.4% more antibiotics were prescribed in one of the four Ticinese hospitals (when discharged from surgery). In short, even among doctors and surgeons, there are those that need to be sensitized, because these great differences between nosocomes are not justified.
Finally, there are a number of veterinarians who may cause abuse of antibiotics and the selection of microbes reaching our food chain. We have products with minimal bacterial contamination. These microbes reach our intestines by transmitting resistance to our bacteria through the resistance factors already acquired in animals. In chicken samples contaminated with Escherichia coli, half of the bacteria were resistant to several antibiotic groups (these bacteria in Switzerland decreased by 41.9%).
Deciding what to eat, how to care and how to treat the animals, makes the difference, because we are all connected to each other: the choice of the individual has reflections on society.