EIN GEV, Israel: It was a long time ago when the swimmers in Ein Gev left their towels on the lawns of the Sea of Galilee.
Today, they put 100 meters (meters) lower on a sandy beach due to the contraction of the iconic mass of their umbrella waters.
“Every time we come, we feel a pain in our hearts, de said 47-year-old Yael Lichi, who visited the famed lake for 15 years.
Sembol The lake is a symbol in Israel. When there's a drought, that's the first thing we're talking about. "
In front of Lichi, wooden boats with Christian pilgrims wander through the calm waters between groups from all over the world.
The Sea of Galilee, where Christians believe that Jesus walked on the water, has been shrinking for years, mainly because of its excessive use and the environmentalists are raising the alarm.
Plans are being developed to re-establish the fresh water body known as Israel by the Israelis as Kinneret and some as Tiberias Lake.
For Israel, the lake has long been a vital source of water for the country. The Israeli daily Haaretz presents its water level on its back page.
Daralan has been a source of deep concern. When the two islands have recently emerged as the water level has fallen, there has been widespread interest in the Israeli media.
Amir Givati, a hydrologist in Israel's water authority, said, etkil We are under the low red line etkil since 2013, stating that 2013 as salinity increases, fish survive and vegetation is affected İsrail.
This level is only less than 20 centimeters (about eight centimeters) of the low-level record recorded in 2001 – it also pumped 400 million cubic meters (14.1 billion cubic feet) of water annually.
Durum We pumped just 20 million cubic meters this year, but the lake is in very bad shape, G said Givati.
In addition, Israel has sent 50 million cubic meters as part of its peace treaties to neighboring Jordan.
Its unique features go beyond religious significance.
It is located 200 meters (650 feet) below the Jordan River, north of the Dead Sea.
Both the Dead Sea and Jordan suffered from excessive use.
Galilee has an area of approximately 160 square kilometers (about 60 square miles), ie the size of the Liechtenstein.
The water ministry is charged with five years of drought.
But the researchers at Ben Gurion University in Israel, Michael Wine, Alon Rimmer and Jonathan Laronne, said that “climatic factors alone are insufficient to explain the record of the Sea of Galilee Ancak.
Irrigated agriculture, pumping and diversion are the main criminals, they say in the analysis.
He built a national aqueduct in the 1950s, when, after the birth of the country, he sought a quest for the construction of the nation and asked him to ti flower the desert ulus as the undan pioneers of the pioneers 1950.
The aqueduct carried water from the lake towards the rest of the country.
, Lake Tiberias has been used as a national reservoir,, said Julie Trottier, a professor of Israeli-Palestinian water issues.
A man-made canal gave water from the Mediterranean coast to the west and the Negev desert to the south.
This system has not been implemented for nearly 10 years. Now, most houses in the west of the country use desalinated water from the Mediterranean, while farms are irrigated with purified and recycled water.
However, Orit Skutelsky, from the Nature Protection Association of Israel, said that eastern Israel could not reach desalinated water.
Farmers in the area rely on rivers that provide 90 per cent of the lake's entrance.
The researcher extracts 100 million cubic meters (3.5 billion cubic feet) each year from sources that reduce the flow of dozens of pumps and no longer.
At the foot of the rocky hills, a few kilometers from the beaches of Ein Gev, large nets cover banana trees that are wetted with dry foliage.
Bark We call him banana valley, v said Meir Barkan, the tourism director of Ein Gev.
Top When they planted trees, there was no water problem and the banana was the only fruit you've collected during the year. “
However, Eran Feitelson, a professor of geography at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, said that farms without salt or recycled water, however, were the main actors in coğraf competing resources between nature, agriculture and tourism Ancak.
For agricultural expert Lior Avichai at the Zemach Nisyonot research center, the solution is not to "kill agriculture and the local economy," but to use less water.
The authorities are offering to supply the region with desalinated water through the aqueduct.
To better manage the ecosystem, Skutelsky said, water should be sent upwards and then allowed to flow naturally.
But els that would have been too expensive, çok Skutelsky said.
Menahem Lev, 59 years old, spent 39 years living in the lake as a fisherman.
On her open palm she shows the fish of St. Peter, who had just withdrawn from their nets, bigger than their hands.
”The solution can only come from the government or the sky,“ he said.
He points to the semi-abandoned pier, which no longer reaches the pilgrimage boats and forces visitors to land at the bank.
”I'm really ashamed when tourists see the lake in this state, Lev Lev said.