TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Diabetes not only scares adults, but also children. Fulki Baharudin Prihandoko did not complain about anything at first. However, when he was in the second grade of primary school, Uki (alias) is now a grade IX in a first high school, a class that has never been healed. "More and more days, Uki will experience abnormal symptoms such as bed wetting, hair loss, and weakness overnight," said Aisyah Rahmah, Uki's mother, who immediately took her child to the hospital.
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From the results of laboratory tests, Aisyah, fasting blood glucose levels of 750 mg / dl normal blood glucose level should be under 150 mg / dl. HbA1c levels (three-month sugar levels) reached Uki 17.6. Ideally below 5.7. Then Uki was hospitalized.
Uki appeared to be type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) with a pancreatic that did not produce enough insulin. ; The cause of DM type 1 is the interaction of many factors, such as genetic predisposition, environmental factors, immune system and pancreatic B cell disorders, sistemi said President, Children's Association of Pediatricians (IDAI), President, Aman Bhakti Pulungan, Jakarta. World Diabetes Day 2018 Press conference held last week in the Ministry of Health. World Diabetes Day falls today.
diabetes drawing (pixabay.com)
Uki's parents were able to control their sugar levels, because they taught their child's sugar levels, regulating food, doing routine blood glucose checks, and injecting Uki's insulin on their own, but there were many people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes who still could not. . Eder Uki always carries insulin in her bag, checks her blood sugar and injects insulin before eating. It also carries a registry about the development of sugar level. Ayrıca "We see that their children are healthy."
Diabetes or diabetes is a metabolic disorder that occurs due to an increase in blood sugar levels above the normal, chronic values. The reason is that the hormone produced by the pancreatic gland is the degradation of insulin. Insulin regulates the use of glucose by muscle, fat or other cells in the body.
The IDAI data showed that the rate of diabetes in children aged 0-18 years increased by 700 percent in the last decade. The 2013 Primary Health Survey (Riskesdas) data shows that the incidence of risk factors for type 2 DM (due to lifestyle) in children aged 5-12 years who are overweight reaches 18.8 percent.
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According to the 2017 International Diabetes Atlas (IDF) data, the total number of diabetic patients in Indonesia has reached 10.3 million and has risen to 16.7 million in 2045. This disease is the ninth cause of death in the world.