Friday , January 22 2021

November 14, 1971, Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to reach orbit Mars



I kompas.co – The solar system is keeping many secrets. Thousands of stars, planets, comets, and even meteors adorn the layout of the solar system. Various countries compete to uncover the secrets of the universe.

This happened in the 1960s when the Soviet Union and the United States began to find something in space and found something. The competition is often calledspace race"This can always find something new and useful for science.

After trying to bring the animals into space and bring them into orbit, NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) or the US Space Agency took a new decision to identify and observe the surface of other planets.

Today, 47 years ago, on November 14, 1971, a spacecraft from NASA reached Mars.

The tool, which is part of the Mariner program, is recorded as the first vehicle to observe Mars. It was a record in the space world at that time.

reporting ForbesMariner 9 is an unmanned vehicle launched from Cape Cannaveral, Mars, USA, on May 30, 1971 in Florida, USA. The vehicle was released with Mariner 8 "partner".

Mariner 9 aims to accompany his y partner çık in the Mars race, but the Mariner 8 spacecraft has never left the orbit of the Earth.

Also read: The Mystery of Mars, If You Can't Get CO2, How Can You Get Water?

races

Space race It always gives a different color in every competition. When NASA launched Mariner, the Soviet Union launched a project called Mars in the space race.

However, efforts by NASA managed to defeat the Soviet Union. Reporting from Mariner The 9-Day, orbit, has reached Mars orbit on November 14, 1971, far beyond the other two spacecraft. Mars 2 arrived on November 27, 1971, two weeks later, followed by Mars on 2 December.

The Mariner 9 mission team was sent to the orbit of his orbit, commanding him to wait until a dust storm crossed the surface of Mars.

By Kompas Daily On November 15, 1971, Mariner 9 circulates the orbit of Mars twice a day and takes the picture and data about the planet's atmospheric composition, density, pressure and temperature, and the planet's surface composition, temperature and topography. .

Picture taken at the beginning of Mariner 9nasa Picture taken at the beginning of Mariner 9

After successfully reaching orbit, scientists around the world have witnessed the clouds surrounding Mars and starting to reveal the shape of the surface of Mars.

First, the peak of the volcano is seen, then the landscape is marked by the power of the wind and shocking water, then the valleys, deep canyons and craters are destroyed.

The spacecraft camera also records the presence of old waters on this planet and the three river beds that probably represent life.

Mariner 9 sent more than 7000 images of the "Red Planet" and was able to photograph the entire planet. Mariner 9 also sends images back close up The first month of Mars. The transmission ended on 27 October 1972.


Source link