Thursday , May 19 2022

Lunokhod 1, The First "Remote Control" Robot Reaching the Moon



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I kompas.coSpace race Interesting when examined more deeply. Fighting in the space exploration competition, the country has always provided the innovations that attract the attention of the public.

While the United States and the Soviet Union were trying to develop the most modern technology of the time, they tried to explore space.

After a program started successfully, the second and third generation programs started immediately to perfect the first program.

The launch of a vehicle driven by spacecraft has also become a series of follow-ups to train people in space.

In the mid-1960s, the moon became the satellite of the world and became the subject of discovery. The US and the Soviet Union were competing to find information and discover the bear.

The Soviet Union planned the "Luna Program". Its mission is to launch an unmanned space mission that consists of several vehicles with their own specific tasks. One of them is doing many experiments examining the moon's chemical composition, gravity, temperature and radiation.

The Luna program has released several special missions, one of which is to develop Lunukhod 1. This tool launched robots that were able to move freely in space and commanded from the moon to the world.

Also Read: 14 November 1971, Mariner 9 Became the First Spacecraft to Reach Mars Trajectory

Luna 17

A number of missions have been repeatedly investigated to ensure that the Soviet Union complies with the US sovereignty. During 1968, the Soviet Union focused on moon discovery. Among them, there are robots that can land on the moon and walk. remote control or remote control.

This robot was included in the Luna 17 mission and jumped into space with the Baikonur Cosmodrome on November 10, 1970. On November 17, 1970, Lunokho 1, including Luna 17, landed on the moon.

By Kompas Daily On November 19, 1970, Luna 17 finally landed in the Rain Ocean, a vast flat area on the moon's surface. The success of this launch tightened the US competition with the Soviet Union.

On landing, the robot moves 20 meters and sends the data directly to the earth's surface. Everything is done without people.

Softhod 1 is the first man-made car that can walk alone on the surface of the moon. This robot has 9 feet and eight feet up to 1.5 meters. Each wheel in the leg has its own engine.

Due to its special structure, this robot can rotate completely 180 degrees. The machines work with batteries that accumulate from sunlight. Automatically, this robot can turn the engine on and off automatically if there are obstacles.

Also studied: Today in History: Voyager 2 Reached the First Space Shuttle to Neptune

United States' superior

After the launch, Softhod was able to answer many people's concerns. Softhod 1 carries a radio transmitter with a TV, laser mirror and several other sensors.

US space experts in Washington DC acknowledged the Soviet Union's ability to land motor vehicles on the moon. The supremacy of the Soviet Union is the first record in human history.

reporting Nasa.govDuring the next ten months, the robot was driven by operators in the Soviet Union and the total distance exceeded 10 km.

At that time, the robot was able to produce many important sources of information.

After working for a few months and giving information, the robot stopped on October 4, 1971, after losing power and dropping its temperature.

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