Tuesday , May 17 2022

Punjab leaders, overweight, who accelerate India's diabetes burden



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Aditi Tandon

Tribune News Service

New Delhi, November 13

High body mass index increases India's diabetes burden, indicating that policymakers need to control overweight populations to control epidemic disease.

A government-led study of India's trends in diabetes, published in The Lancet Global Health, shows the prevalence of excess weight in adults aged 20 and over between 1990 and 2016, with the increase observed in each state of the country.

Increase in the rate from traditional foodstuffs to energy-intensive, nutritious-poor, high-carbohydrate diets; increasingly established movements; low levels of recreational physical activity; and socioeconomic transition.

Punjabi, Goa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu have reported the highest prevalence of overweight. The findings indicate that the prevalence of diabetes in Indians aged 20 and over increased from 5.5 percent in 1990 to 7.7 percent in 2016, and this rate is reported in the more advanced Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Delhi and Punjab provinces.

Dan The prevalence of overweight in adults 20 and over in India rose to 20.4 percent in 2016 from 9 percent in 1990. This increase occurred in every province of India with 3.5 times variations across the states in 2016, Bu he says. study.

In India, 65 million cases of diabetes mellitus in 2016, 26 million in 1990, while the prevalence of diabetes in adults over 20 years of age in the United States from 5.3 percent to 39.4 percent. and increased to 7.7 percent in 2016. From 1990 to 2016, each state, from AIIMS. Together with Nikhil Tandon, he concludes his research as a collaborator with many other people, including senior cardiologist K Srinath Reddy.

The study reveals that in 2016, 38 adults with diabetes among all 100 adults over 20 years of age in India compared to the global average of 19 adults. In India, this rate was higher for men than for women.

131% increase in death rate: Education

  • According to the government-led study published in The Lancet, diabetes contributed to 3.1 percent of total deaths in 2016.
  • Between 1990 and 2016, the total mortality rate increased from 1 to 10 per cent, from 1% to 23,1.
  • The high BMI had the highest effect on diabetes among risk factors, and 36% of DALYs (healthy lifestyles).

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