China is building an "artificial sun" of up to 100 million degrees centigrade
Last month, we reported that a team of scientists at the Chengdu Aerospace Science Institute of Microelectronic Systems Research (CASC) in China developed a de artificial month 39 8 times brighter than the natural moon to replace the street lamps in the country. 2020.
Now, a team of the Institute of Physical Sciences at the Hefei Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences has announced that the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor has reached 100 million degrees Celsius.
The EAST is called land artificial sun E because it replicates the process used by the sun to generate energy. It's 100 million degrees Celsius, six times warmer than the sun's core. The core of the true sun is about 15 million degrees Celsius. The state-of-the-art reactor is designed to convert hydrogen into cost-effective green energy.
Di Scientists performed plasma equilibrium and imbalance, confinement and transport, plasma-wall interaction, and energetic particle physics experiments to demonstrate long-term steady-state H-mode study by controlling impurity, core / edge MHD stability, and temperature control. Exhaust using a tungsten diver-like ITER, bir he wrote.
Our sun produces light and heat energy through a process called nuclear fusion, when two hydrogen nuclei are coupled to produce a large amount of energy. Scientists believe that nuclear fusion takes place at 100 million degrees centigrade. However, since these two hydrogen nuclei are normally opposed to each other, they require very large temperatures to overcome their opposing forces.
It is therefore an important step to reach 100 million degrees Celsius because this is the minimum temperature required to create conditions for nuclear fusion in the World.
The aim of the EAST is to understand the nuclear fusion process before constructing a full reactor and to use it as an alternative energy source in the world in the future. The process promises more power and is far more secure than fission that produces almost no hazardous nuclear waste.
Ur Nuclear fusion is the best way for human to obtain energy. For raw materials, the deuterium and tritium required for nuclear fusion are almost inexhaustible in the ocean. In addition, nuclear fusion does not produce any radioactive waste, so it is a highly eco-friendly approach.
Matthew Hole, Associate Professor at the National University of Australia, told ABC News that success for nuclear fusion is an important step and a solution to global energy issues.
Dr. . China's nuclear fusion program and the important development for the whole world is definitely an important step, Hole said Hole.
Için The benefit is simple because it is a very large scale baseload [continuous] zero greenhouse gas emissions and long life radioactive wastes.
The research group responsible for EAST has achieved this milestone through the use of various new methods to heat and control plasma; however, they were able to maintain the recording temperature for about 10 seconds.
Hole also adds that nuclear fusion reactors avoid the risks associated with nuclear fission reactors that are vulnerable to possible catastrophes that can be converted into dangerous weapons.
The artificial sun was designed and built by China in 2006. EAST is 11 meters long, 8 meters in diameter and 400 tons in weight. According to the Chinese daily, China was the first to design and develop such equipment on its own.