Which can really help with depression
Scientific research has shown that at least 15 percent of the population suffers from depression throughout their lives, that it needs to be treated or better told because often mental illness is not recognized. Experts explain how to recognize symptoms and how they can help affected people.
More people suffering from mental illness
According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people with depression worldwide has increased significantly. In Germany and the EU, more and more people suffer from mental illness. According to the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry (MPI), studies have shown that at least 15 percent of the population suffers from depression during their lifetime. This often refers to diseases that affect them so much that you have to treat them, or because they need to be more often only depression is not recognized. On their website, MPI experts explain how to recognize symptoms and how to help patients.
According to the MPI, depression can take many forms. The disease can start slowly or even suddenly as the lightning in the blue sky.
Typical symptoms include temperament, sleep disorders, poor concentration, fatigue, irritability, slowness of movement, loss of appetite and weight loss and hopelessness, and lack of emotional involvement in events in the immediate environment.
There are mostly daily fluctuations, typically depression is more pronounced in the mornings in the afternoon.
Normally, interest in activities with positive tones has decreased and almost always lacks a lack of sexual desire to engage in sexual activity.
In severe cases, hopelessness means the disappearance and suicidal thoughts of planning and conducting suicide attempts.
Rare forms of the disease
Rare cases of acute depressive moods that usually last only one day or one to two weeks and then flow back to their own self.
Another rare form is chronic depression, despite all therapeutic efforts, where only a small improvement can be achieved.
Another special form of depression that occurs in about one percent of the population is manic-depressive disease. In addition to depressive episodes, it can be called manic attacks.
These manic sections are, in a sense, the exact opposite of the depressive part. Here, the mood is constantly excited, excited for the pesky joyful excited.
Who gets sick?
According to MPI experts, depression may be the first time in all ages, but it is the most common form of middle-aged depression.
Studies have shown that depression patients can be recognized as early disorders of anxiety, but not depression.
Today, it is known that young people with anxiety disorders such as panic attacks then have an increased risk of developing depression.
For the first time in old age, the risk of developing depression decreases. However, it is not known that depression is not kept behind some forms of dementia.
Although it is known that women are more often diagnosed with depression, this phenomenon may be explained by a more explicit expression.
It should also be noted that men are more reluctant to reveal depressive symptoms and to go to a doctor to be treated for depression.
Correlation of genetic factors and depression
According to health professionals, depression is often more than a single cause.
Mental discomfort can be promoted by stress, stressful life events or diseases such as thyroid diseases or Parkinson's.
In addition, it has long been known that genes play an important role in the onset of mental illness.
Just a few months ago, an international research team managed to identify 44 gene regions associated with major depression.
According to the MPI, it is believed that the genetic ratio for the typical depression is 50 percent and the genetic ratio of the manic-depressive disorder is above 80 percent.
The most obvious indication of whether you are prone to this condition is the presence of depression in your biological family.
However, they should not be overly worried about this, because after a simple heredity process, depression does not pass.
It is important to know that there is a genetic risk arising from familial stress and then to investigate early disease symptoms such as sleep disorders, autonomic changes, anxiety attacks, and to prevent them early.
According to the National Care Manual, depression is treated with antidepressants and / or psychotherapy.
The effectiveness of treatment with such drugs has also been proven in studies.
However, it is also known that mild depression usually occurs without a specific treatment. In severe depression, there is no alternative to antidepressants according to the MPI.
These drugs are not soothing, according to experts do not lead to habit or addiction and have serious side effects.
However, internal restlessness, sweating, weight gain and sometimes sexual dysfunction may occur at the beginning of the treatment.
In addition to antidepressants, benzodiazepines and neuroleptics are sometimes used for depression therapy.
In most of the cases, psychotherapy is urgently needed for patients.
According to the MPI, the basis for any treatment for depression is a sympathetic and supportive medical consultation in the preparation of a general treatment plan. In mild depressive moods this may be sufficient as a single treatment method.
The most important form of psychotherapy is what is called cognitive behavioral therapy. This includes the correction of negative reality and self-assessment, the gradual development of activities based on the amplifier principle, the promotion of self-assurance and social competence, as well as dealing with everyday problems.
The goal of each depression treatment is always the complete restoration of the mental state.
Important points to know: In people with depression, the risk of heart disease and metabolic diseases, especially diabetes mellitus is also increasing. Therefore, the prevention of such diseases should also be kept in mind.
Which friends and family should consider
The Max Planck Institute for Psychiatry suggests that even friends and relatives can help those affected. You need to know how to deal with depressions.
You should be aware that depression is not something that can be met by will or advice.
In addition, symptoms such as negativity and restlessness, even inactivity and patient's selfishness should not cause relatives to lose understanding and patience and to move away from the hast ungrateful in patient.
Relatives and friends should learn to understand that the patient cannot achieve anything on their own and does not misinterpret the emotional distance as an emotional turning.
It is also important that the patient does not suffocate with da good advice ları and, on the contrary, is not forced into a kind of therapist's condition in which the relatives are overwhelmed.
MPI also uses herbal products to treat depression on the website.
According to experts, according to current information, for mild depression, There is nothing in the face of a therapy attempt with John's Wort.
However, there are some side effects that may be serious: John's wort causes diarrhea and increased the tendency of severe sunburn.
In addition, St. John's wort intake may limit the effects of other medications. And according to experts, some preparations are not suitable in all cases.
Bach flower extracts, gingko preparations and advice from MPI professionals from the use of other herbal products for the treatment of depression. (Name)