UNAIDS advocates "universal access" to defeat the pandemic during his campaign for the 30th World AIDS Day on December 1st, which began on Thursday at Abidjan.
"We need universal access to the HIV test, this screening should be as accessible as the pregnancy test," says Michel Sidibé, Director-General of the latest HIV / AIDS Program. agency "Information power" report.
According to Sidibé, in 2017, he knew of their situation against "75% of people living with HIV", "66% in 2015" worldwide, a significant improvement.
"But we're far from winning the war: today, we're downloading the guards that could lead to an outbreak," Abidjan said. Sidibé's UNAIDS was to eliminate the epidemic by 2030.
"Screening is a starting point, but treatment and viral load suppression to tackle the epidemic is imperative," he said, adding that "stigmatization and discrimination of people living with HIV" is still going on.
West and Central Africa and North Africa The Middle East region is the two most worried about the situation. Almost half of HIV-positive people (48%) are aware of HIV status in West and Central Africa, and only 40% of HIV-positive individuals receive antiretroviral therapy (50% and 29% for North West Africa, respectively). East).
According to Sidibé, around 10 million people in Western and Central Africa do not know they are HIV-positive.
Inadequate national funding, poor health systems and in-service health services explain this in addition to discrimination against the most affected people (men having sex with men, men of both sexes, and men who have sex with men). drug users.
– stigma fight –
Significant progress has been made in the past three years thanks to financial assistance from the United States, especially in Côte d'Ivoire. According to the report, the number of patients treated had "doubled" and the rate of screening coverage quadrupled to two-thirds of the population.
"The first leg of the struggle against AIDS, especially for the key societies," (at risk), but "access to treatment" and "stigmatization" remain "key issues", said AFP. Director of Espace Confiance; Camille Anoma is a special clinic for LGBT populations in Abidjan.
"We have a problem with the presence of screening materials and antiretroviral treatment in Ivory Coast. There are still a lot of work to do despite improvements." Said. And "the Ivory authorities should dare to make a clear speech against stigmatization".
CSOs Coalition Plus and Aides, who struggle with AIDS, said, için the international community's open failure to reduce AIDS mortality, AIDS particularly due to the lack of adequate care for children. Opportunistic diseases related to AIDS.
According to these NGOs, in 2017, tuberculosis killed around 400,000 AIDS patients and 180,000 cryptococcal meningitis worldwide, even though "effective treatments".
"All infected people need to heal," the coalition head said, "until just 2020, we will be able to maintain the opportunistic disease care to reduce the number of HIV-related deaths," he said. More, Hakima Himmich.
Dan There is no more mystery that requires more funding from the international community, including the rich countries, to lower the mortality rate of AIDS 39, begged the President of Aides Aurelien Beaucamp.
Approximately 37 million people, about 22 million people in 2017, were HIV-positive in the world. According to UNIDS, AIDS received 940 thousand lives last year.