Friday , October 22 2021

Institut Pasteur: the three most important discoveries in its history


It is the capital of medical history. The Institut Pasteur, celebrated for 130 years this week, allowed significant progress in patients' lives. Here are the three most important discoveries we owe her.

1894: Determination of plague bacteria

The evil that caused tens of millions of deaths on the planet was cleared in the late nineteenth century. The student of Louis Pasteur, Alexandre Yersin, identifies the bacteria and bacteria in Hong Kong at the root of the disease. A very important discovery to develop a cure for fighting the epidemic.

1921: the invention of BCG

During the interwar period, Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin developed a vaccine against tuberculosis, Bacillus Calmette and Guérin (BCG). It remains mandatory for health workers in France from 1960 to 1960 and potentially children who are exposed to this lung disease.

1983: Discovery of the AIDS virus

AIDS causes damage for several months. The team headed by Professor Luc Montagnier in his laboratory in the Institute Pasteur discovers the HIV-causing virus, the cause of pandemic, on May 20, 1983. Montagnier and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi will receive this award. After 25 years of Nobel Medicine for these studies.

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