As a teenager, Nkenge Harmon Johnson recalls being on the MAX train or bus in downtown Portland and being careful not to cross Pioneer Courthouse Square.
It was the end of the 1980s or the 1990s. Harmon Johnson is black.
. It wasn't safe for me and my friends, su said Harmon Johnson, president and CEO of the Portland Urban League. Kal Because the Aryans, neo-Nazi heads remained in court on Pioneer Square. They hung on the steps, smoked and chatted. "
After 30 years, the city center still doesn't feel safe to some African Americans.
Harmon Johnson reminds me of a recent message in a mailing list service sent by his friends. Proud Children were walking in the streets because they warned him and other black people to stay away that day. Western chauvinists with self-proclaimed arms are known for their violent confrontations.
Harmon Johnson is a group of activists, community leaders and policy-makers who have shown how Oregon has evolved since Mulugeta Seraw was killed on Tuesday 30 years ago.
Seraw, a 28-year-old Ethiopian immigrant, was killed on November 13, 1988 in a southeastern Portland street with a baseball bat surrounded by three scalp.
Harmon Johnson's Portland Urban League holds a conference at Portland State University this week to focus on Seraw's death and the future of Oregon. The theme of the conference is tem Remember. Learn. Alteration."
What changed? . History on the calendar, Johnson Harmon Johnson said.
The brutality of Seraw's death has shaken many things. An immigration fleeing violence from a country that came here to live an American dream when he came here to attend a university education and did not like the neo-Nazis and was not attacked for any other reason.
. There was no way to explain people, ı Harmon Johnson cried.
But for black people, Harmon Johnson didn't look astonishing, because they fit into a Portland fact they knew through repeated experiences with racist aggression.
Then last year, Harmon Johnson was shocked by the whites and the police were less surprised by the minority communities. Police say Jeremy Christian killed two men with a knife on his neck and killed almost a third on the MAX train. Witnesses, two African-American racist who leads a racist and xenophobic tyranny as a mediator said.
Im People say, “Oh, my God. How can this happen in Portland – not caring, progressive Portland, # said Harmon Johnson. Ir And we say serbest How do you feel about how this will happen in Portland Portland? "
Harmon Johnson cited as an exemplary Portland police that an African-American woman would not arrest the night in front of the attack, saying that he left a hateful rant against blacks, Jews and Muslims, and then threatened to kill him and threw a plastic bottle full of Gatorade. . on his face. The police responded to the Rose Quarter MAX station, but he let Christian go. Later, the police issued a statement with the women's account stating that he described the Christian as his own attacker.
The police said he wasn't. Harmon Johnson also pointed to the Portland Police Bureau's two-year old practice to keep a list of suspected gang members and affiliates. A 2016 survey of the Oregonian / OregonLive found that 81 percent of the 359 people in the list were racial or ethnic minorities. The office removed the list with criticism from the public last year, but an auditor later saw the police holding the second list of suspected gang members.
Harmon Johnson said the police had unfairly focused on members of their minorities whom they thought were in the gang, but that they did not give much importance to white gangs with superiority links.
The same goes for federal officials who ignore white supremacists when they create terrorist lists. The New York Times reported this month that the federal government's counterterrorism strategy for almost 11 years focused almost exclusively on white supremacists and far rightists, not on Islamist militants – even if it killed many more since September 11, 2001, Islamic or other indigenous extremists.
. The white supremacists are terrorists, Har Harmon Johnson said.
Kenneth Mieske, who killed 23-year-old Seraw, was sentenced to life imprisonment for murder and died at the age of 45 in prison. Accomplice Kyle H. Brewster went into service for more than 13 years before being released in 2002, and his accomplice, Steven R. Strasser, served more than a decade before being released from prison in 1999.
Although he was never put on trial, a fourth man – Tom Metzger – was forced to pay the Constitutional Court's decision on the death of what the Court then had to determine. Metzger was the founder of the California-based group's White Aryan Resistance.
The jury paid $ 12.5 million to the Seraw family after making a signal that Metzger would be sentenced to death by sending an employer to Portland to act as a mentor to a local branch called East Side White Pride, a city founder responsible for the death of Seraw. rewarded. The jury acknowledged that Metzger encouraged three members to expose them to non-white violence.
The family was ultimately enough to provide part of the decision – after Metzger had to sell his home in Southern California – but to inflict a racist organization of Metzger and provide a nest egg for Seraw's 10-year-old son. James McElroy, one of Seraw's civil lawyers, accepted the boy. Today, Seraw's son is a commercial airline pilot.
Elden Rosenthal, a lawyer representing Serawedis family, said that at that time, he saw Metzger and his white nationalist views as extreme and rare.
"I just thought it was with people in this minority," said Rosenthal, who lost members of the Jewish family to the Holocaust. “We now know that the iceberg is just the tip.“
Rosenthal said he believed President Donald Trump encouraged the rise of racist rhetoric. Because of his comments about the Muslim ban on his administration, Trump has come under an almost constant criticism threshold, calling his migrant caravan an ”occupation, and organizing, ordinary wall, rallies.
"It's the same messaging," Rosenthal said.
Rosenthal recently re-read a breakdown of Metzger's closing allegations in a civil hearing in 1990. She said she was surprised to see the words of Trumplers words and most of the supporters' words to the jury members of Metzger.
Metzger, "the beautiful little" California neighborhood, "invasion of Mexicans" was "destroyed by" he said. Metzger said the United States has changed the worst. Rosgerhal was worried about Metzger's bother of working-class Americans and said he felt like a lot of people did.
. There is an increasing subclass of white people in this country, Metz Metzger said. “They fall off the grid. They're getting poor, poor and poor. And they don't like what's going on in this country. "
Given the political success of Trump, Rosenthal said he came to accept that nationalist views were part of the mainstream society.
"These things can be here, the progressive, holy city of Portland, because there are such people around, and we can't ignore it," said Rosenthal, a lawyer working in Portland.
”He could be here, he's been here, and if we don't educate our children, it will happen again,“ he said. Uyan It's the work of a progressive civilization to always be vigilant and always hit him when he beheads. “
Randy Blazak spent the last thirty years studying hate groups and became Head of Coalition Against Hate Crime from Oregon. In the midst of such calls as Rosenthal's call for wakefulness, Blazak sees promising developments in a crushingly white state.
Blazak said community members were willing to talk. After Jeremy Christian's arrest, people watched the candlelight and noted that they wrote messages of love and race compliance at the Hollywood MAX station.
Topluluk The whole community is out, Bla said Blazak. 39 This is important for two reasons: We may not look like victims, or we can't pray with you, but we're standing with you. & # 39; In addition, the perpetrator may look like you, but we & # 39; s & # 39; not with you. "
Blazak said such demonstrations have emerged in the rural and more conservative corners of the state.
In 2010, when Aryan Nations said they were interested in buying property for the new national headquarters, he pointed to John Day. Aryan Nations abandoned the idea after hundreds of inhabitants appeared to express their anger at a town hall meeting.
Iy It was very inspiring, Bla said Blazak.
Portland police developed plans and training to try to address racial profiling and implicit prejudice, community groups worked with the police to increase understanding among cops and LGBTQs, and prosecutors accused those who targeted others for race, gender identity, religion or others . differences said.
State MPs adopted the first devlet intimidation “laws of the state in the 1980s.
"Some of them are trying to send a message."
In 2017, a white man told an African American that he was in the # wrong neighborhood ”in Northeast Portland and tried to make him a pitbull. The white man Mathu Karcher was convicted of second-rate intimidation in February and sentenced to 16 days' imprisonment.
Also last year a Portland driver yelled at a pregnant Muslim woman to remove the headscarf and then pretended to shoot her husband and husband by imitating weapons with her fingers. In August, Fredrick Sorrell was convicted of second-rate intimidation. She was ordered to take anger management classes and make a meaningful discussion with Portland's Muslim community members.
Ül We will not tolerate someone who has been attacked by any protected class – and if we do, we will definitely do it, et said Brent Weisberg, spokesman for the Multnomah County District Attorney Bureau.
Or We always want people to be in contact with law enforcement when they think that they may be the victims of hate crime, We said Weisberg. ”This is a priority for our office.“
He believes Urban League is an exception, not a rule, to the hateful people who threaten Harmon Johnson but do not physically harm others. Very often, reports shake and people stop returning to the police when they are victims.
She told of an Urban League employee who was threatened by a man with a knife as she shouted racist slurs. However, when the employee called the police, the investigation of the authorities failed.
Iliy These people are absorbed to get out, Har Harmon Johnson said. . And a lot of people don't report it because their reaction thinks the police won't do anything about it. “
However, Blazak thinks that there has been considerable progress since Seraw's death.
Ası All these reasons need to be skeptical, Bla said Blazak. ”There are a lot of corporate racism.“
Blazak, who was a white child, spent his childhood in Georgia in the 1970s and ultimately settled in the northwest as an adult.
Ler I grew up in a town where the cops and clans are the same people, Bla said Blazak. Ğ But the change I've seen in my life, I encourage. “
On Tuesday, November 13, Mulugeta was killed by racist skin heads who were killed with a baseball bat in Southeast Portland after 30 years in Seraw. It marks the community anniversary in several ways:
* Wednesday, 08:50: Opening of inci cue tops & to mark the street corners around Pine Street, where the street and Seraw's fatal beating were staged. Tir Collectors Ser will be added to the street signs in the nearby area and will show the photo and name of Seraw.
* Wednesday, 2:00 am: Portland City Council will be presented with a statement in memory of Seraw.
– Aimee Green