As the world marks Diabetes Day on Wednesday, readers are advised not to eat healthy by consuming more fresh fruits and vegetables.
They should also try to avoid / reduce fatty foods and try to exercise at least 30 minutes per day. Routine health check is an important factor.
Physicians describe diabetes as a chronic, non-infectious disease in the presence of increased blood glucose, hyperglycemia. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas, an organ in the body, does not produce enough insulin that results in Type 1 diabetes, or when the body is unable to use insulin which causes Type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Lagos State University School of Medicine (LASUCOM) is a Senior Lecturer and Consultant in Public Health and Primary Health Care. Modupe Akinyinka described insulin as a hormone regulating blood sugar.
"Hyperglycemia or blood sugar is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes rising, over time, the body's systems, especially nerves and leads to serious damage to blood vessels," he said.
Akinyinka is forbidden to make people exercise more, to increase taxes on tobacco, and to smoke in the public, by encouraging the public to do healthy and exercise through public health campaigns, by providing favorable environments such as side walks and bicycle paths.
He said: "The causes of type 1 diabetes are not clear, but the risk factors for Type 2 include excessive body weight, obesity and physical inactivity, lack of exercise. Diabetes can also occur in pregnancy known as gestational diabetes.
"Diabetes symptoms include excessive urinary excretion (polyuria,) thirst, polydipsia, sustained hunger, weight loss, visual changes and fatigue.
"Type 1 diabetes is more common in young people, type 2 in adults is more common among young people because of their lifestyle. Women may have more risk factors such as being more obese, but the prevalence of diabetes in both sexes varies in different populations.
"Prevention of diabetes involves maintaining and maintaining healthy body weight. More activities are needed to control weight. People should also avoid using sugar and saturated fats as well as tobacco. They increase the risk of smoking, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
An Adviser Family Physician Chukwuma Ogunbor explained that diabetes mellitus may be divided into four main groups depending on the cause.
He said: "Type 1 diabetes is a result of insulin producing insulin, the organ that protects the body's immune system, normally damages the body. it has a strong genetic predisposition that makes up about 10 percent of patients with diabetes mellitus.
"The second group is Type 2 diabetes. It is a disease deeply affected by the lifestyle of many of modern societies, such that it reaches epidemic proportions. The main determinants are increasing age, obesity, ethnicity and family history."
"Insulin resistance is prone to a condition known as impaired insulin action, which means that existing insulin is not working enough to clear glucose in the blood. It constitutes 90 percent of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes Mellitus can be caused by pancreatic diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cysts and tumors. It can also be induced by drugs such as antihypertensive, beta-blockers, thiazide, steroids, anticonvulsant hypertoin, immunosuppressive agents, and antipsychotics.
"The third group is gestational diabetes mellitus that develops during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how cells use sugar glucose. Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar, which can affect pregnancy and the health of the baby.
"However, it can be controlled by a healthy diet, exercise and, if necessary, medication prescribed by your doctor. Controlling your blood glucose can prevent a difficult birth and keep both the patient and the baby healthy.
"Blood sugar is usually normalized immediately after birth, and a patient is at risk for Type 2 diabetes if he has a history of gestational diabetes.
"The fourth group is the uncontrollable blood sugar in the affected people and may cause heart disease, heart attack, kidney disease, visual impairment, erectile dysfunction, tingling and numbness in the limbs, and the susceptibility to stroke and developing infections and leg ulcers.