The Czech government is currently discussing the Czech Environmental Report for 2017. Due to the development of technologies and the measures implemented, the load continues to decline, but the quality of the air is still weak.
The Czech Republic's 2017 Environment Report summarizes the impact on environmental quality in our country as much as possible. So, it deals with air, water, nature and landscapes, forests, soil and agriculture, industry and energy, transportation and waste.
Air pollutant emissions decreased compared to the previous year, poor air quality. Last year, due to the current disintegration conditions, air pollution is affected by air pollution in cities and domestic heating, and even in the concentration of industrial enterprises, the situation is insufficient.
The situation should help in the future the renewal of non-organic boilers due to boiler subsidies as well as the prohibition of operating non-compliant boilers in September 2022. Climate change has become more evident from year to year, with 12 tropical days in the Czech Republic last year above 30 ° C. This figure is more than 5 in 2016.
Temperature development and lack of precipitation Development of hydrological and soil drought. The company's economic growth and consumer behavior were also reflected in waste management and municipal waste production increased on annual basis.
Municipal waste storage area is still alarming, reaching 45% last year. However, the technology replaces the waste management structure with packages that increase the material use rate.
In the Czech Republic, 56.7% of agricultural land is threatened by water erosion and wind erosion threatens 18.4% of agricultural land. While the share of deciduous trees in the total forests of the Czech Republic increased each year, in 2017 it increased its total forest area by 27.0% to 26.7% in 2016.
Industrial production increased by 6.5% in 2017. Czech economy decreases energy intensitySince 2010, it has fallen by 17.5%. In 2017, electricity production increased by 4.5% on annual basis.
In 2017, 9,616 GWh renewable electricity was produced with an increase of 2.6% compared to the previous year. RES's share in total electricity production in 2017 was 11.0%. The share of public transport in total passenger transport performance in 2017 was 33.9%.
In the years 2000-2017, the emissions of suspended particles from NOx, VOC, CO and transport have decreased. Consumption increases favorably CNGhas doubled in the last 10 years (2008-2017).
The dependence on transportation of fossil energy sources (95.3%) continues due to the increase in diesel fuel consumption. In the period 2000-2017, diesel consumption in transportation increased by 134.3%, by 3.7% in 2017 and 2.5 times higher than gasoline consumption. On the other hand, while gasoline consumption decreased by 13.9% in the period of 2000-2017, in 2017 gasoline covered 23.5% of total transportation energy consumption.
The share of renewable energy sources in energy consumption in transportation was 6.4% in 2016 compared to the same period of the previous year. On the consumption of RES in transportation, biofuels in 2016 75.1% 24.9% electricity from the RES. The goal of the National Action Plan for Renewable Energy is the 10% of the energy received from RES in transport until 2020 is not met at this time.
In addition, greenhouse gas emissions from transportation are increasing. In the period of 2000-2017, transport-induced CO2 emissions increased by 65.2% and N2O emissions increased by 69.7%. In addition, polyachromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emissions, which grew by 188.7% in the period 2000-2017, increased by 3.5% YoY.
Graph of development of pollutant emissions from transport in the Czech Republic
photo: Czech Republic 2017 Environment Report
Largest traffic The source of greenhouse gas emissions in transport is individual car transport With more than half of total CO2 and N2O emissions, PAH emissions account for more than 90% of individual vehicle traffic.
This, inter alia, depends on the age of the fleet, which, despite the gradual change, is very obsolete. In 2017, the average age of passenger cars was 14.6. and still slowly rise.
In addition, according to the report, there is no transfer of freight transport by road to the more favorable freight (rail and water).