Infectious diseases are no longer the greatest killers in the world. Even in poor regions, most cannot be transferred without civilization disease. But an unprecedented success brings unexpected problems – there are not enough medical care for adult patients in Africa, where people often die from infection at younger ages. Instead of cholera, poor people die from diabetes.
People in Africa live at higher ages with non-communicable diseases such as cancer. However, the local health service is not ready for this, and there is a single radiotherapy facility in Uganda, for example, waiting for the crowd.source:
Infectious diseases are not the main cause of death in Africa since 2011. In 2015, diseases such as dysentery, pneumonia, malaria or tuberculosis in the African continent constituted 44 percent of all deaths. This number is still high, in many parts of the world, infectious diseases account for less than ten percent of total deaths.
However, the number of victims of infections in Africa is admirable. In the last few decades, numbers have fallen three to four times faster than in developed countries. Africa is undergoing an extremely rapid medical revolution.
People live long enough
In 1990, 25 percent of the total number of deaths died in diseases such as diabetes or cancer in poor countries. In 2040 this rate will be 80 percent.
The increase in the number of noncommunicable diseases is partly explained by the fact that people live long enough to develop the disease. Many people from poor countries are still faced with such diseases at a later age when compared to people from developed nations. Heart disease, diabetes and other diseases known as civilization disease actually become diseases of the poor.
According to medical expert Thomas Bollyky, poor countries must face the consequences of their success. Because these countries are fighting the infectious diseases with medical assistance from the international community. In developed countries it was not. Deaths in US cities between 1900 and 1936 decreased mainly due to water filtration and chlorination. Better hygiene, quarantine and training had beneficial effects before effective drugs emerged.
Unprepared health services
Poor countries reach the same results more quickly, but generally there are no institutional changes in cities in the developed world. Deaths between children have fallen. However, the result is patients who are living without adequate health care or jobs.
Weak states will therefore have to spend more money on the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases. African elites often ignore the problem and seek care abroad. However, those staying in these countries have the best health care.
Africa is urbanizing at an astonishing rate, but cities are often unprepared and overcrowded by sick people.
The reorientation of civilization diseases should be in African and foreign organizations. Cancer, upper respiratory tract disease, heart attack and diabetes account for 60 percent of deaths worldwide. However, only one percent of all aid to developing countries is spent on health care for the treatment of noncommunicable diseases.
Weak states should also act against pollution and tobacco products. African governments should resist cigarette producers and other supporters of unhealthy lifestyles.