Saturday , December 5 2020

The use of antibiotics you don't need is expensive and serious | The use of antibiotics you don't need is expensive and serious | EL UNIVERSITY – Cartagena | UNIVERSAL

Didn't you ever use antibiotics to treat colds or colds? I can only say that he played with his health, but he could face a more serious problem: antimicrobial resistance.

A week of awareness about antimicrobial resistance or drug resistance, this is the ability of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses and some parasites, to prevent antibiotics from acting against them. When this happens, antibiotics are no longer effective, that is, infections continue and can be transmitted from one person to another. Colombia and Venezuela's Pfizer health director, Dr. Catalina Hoyos confirms that this problem is “a threat to public health Catal.

"Antibiotics are drugs that allow us to fight against bacteria, so when there are diseases caused by viruses, parasites or inflammations, there are other treatments for each," he explains.

The expert responds:

Which diseases are used for antibiotics?
and for which?

– "Any disease caused by a bacterium should be treated with antibiotics, but most of the cases of influenza or cold (60% or 70%) are caused by viruses. If the viral is viral, you should not use antibiotics because the person has no related infection. or is produced by a bacterium.
In a disease in which the etiology is viral, the anti-inflammatory drugs, ie anti-inflammatory, should be treated using antipyretics. If there are allergy cases, antihistamines are used, but never antibiotics. "

Why is good use of antibiotics important?
Ve Because they are fighting bacterial infections, they weaken them (remember that millions of bacteria in humans are good and bad in the body). However, when it is not necessary and when an antibiotic is given to the organism, what is done is that the bacteria are mutated (altered), become resistant to that antibiotic, and then needed when there is a disease in which these drugs are required. The more spectrum antibiotics, the more expensive or in the worst case, these antibiotics will not be effective. Therefore it is important to give appropriate treatment for the infection or disease, "says the expert.

Infectious infections include pneumococcal infections (pneumonia, ear inflammation, sinusitis, meningitis), skin infections, and tuberculosis.

Within the framework of the World Awareness Week on the use of antibiotics celebrated until November 18, Pfizer invites the campaign “Saving millions of people global actions kullanım to act in a way that addresses this global threat.

"In this campaign, we call on all of us to be more conscious of the correct use of antibiotics. For doctors, patients, the community in general, and even for pharmacies, there must be a consciousness that they take pictures that come with respiratory tract infections, for example, and invite users to go to a doctor. Everyone in the community should take into account the formulas that the doctors have given us, they should complete their antibiotics on time, they should not formulate their relatives, I don't know that this antibiotic has served me. we must decide to use antibiotics by a single person. tek

WHO Recommendations
– Take antibiotics only when prescribed by a certified health care professional.

– Do not ask for antibiotics if healthcare professionals say they are not necessary.

– Always follow the instructions for the use of antibiotics by health professionals.

– Prepare food in hygienic conditions using 5 keys for WHO food safety as a model (cleaning, preserving separate raw and cooked foods, baking well, keeping food at safe temperatures and using water and safe raw materials). In addition, the selection of foods that production antibiotics are not used to promote growth or prevent diseases in healthy animals.

– Do not use antibiotics left to others.

– Prevent infections by washing hands frequently, preparing food in hygienic conditions, avoiding close contact with patients, taking preventive measures in sexual relations and keeping vaccines up-to-date.

– Resistance to antibiotics puts the success of modern medicine at risk. If we do not have effective antibiotics to prevent and treat infections, organ transplants, chemotherapy and surgical interventions will become more dangerous.

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