According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 422 million people live with diabetes, which is four times more than 40 years worldwide.
Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to process all sugar or glucose in its bloodstream. Glucose is not bad, it is the fuel of all cells in the body.
Complications of diabetes can lead to heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and lower extremity amputation.
Despite the risks, most people with diabetes do not know this. However, lifestyle changes can prevent this in many situations.
On World Diabetes Day, celebrated on November 14, some experts answer the most common doubts about diabetes.
- What are the first symptoms of diabetes?
"Symptoms are more common in patients with type 1 diabetes when they remain too high for a long period of time. Fatigue, thirst, hunger, overproduction, blurred vision, and weight loss may develop." – Victor Montori, Mayo Clinic & 39; diabetes endocrine specialist.
- When is the blood sugar level dangerous?
"Fasting is 70 to 110 milligrams (mg / dl) of normal blood glucose level per deciliter. These values increase after meals, but insulin quickly returns to the normal range (usually 2 hours). 180 mg / dL lasting more than 2 hours & # 39 Greater values are toxic to the cells and, if repeated several times, can cause permanent damage to the nerves in the kidneys, eyes, legs and hearts.
"In the long term, the whole organism is affected if the values are high. Therefore, people with diabetes should have between 70 and 180 mg / dl of blood sugar per day." – Member of the Argentine Diabetes Association. Fabiana Vazquez.
- What are the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
"There are four types of diabetes classification, but in practice, it is expressed as type 1 or 2. Type 1 is usually found in young people under 30 years of age, is weak, and has no history of inherited diabetes."
"Usually with acute symptoms. Type 2 diabetes is usually seen in adults over 40 years of age who are closely related to overweight or obesity, waist circumference over 80 cm in women and above 90 cm in men. Also high triglycerides and high He is associated with other risk factors such as blood pressure and fatty liver., – José Agustín Mesa Pérez, endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
- Is there any treatment for diabetes? Can it be prevented?
"There is no cure and you must be very careful with the liars and charlatans who promised it, but it is a perfectly controllable chronic disease, it is diagnosed earlier and the risk factors are studied extensively, other complications are avoided." – José Agustín Mesa Pérez, endocrinologist and Head of Diabetes Association.
- Which foods cause diabetes?
"There is no food to develop diabetes. Confusion believes that prehistoric people need to save energy to live and do so through the use of insulin saving mechanisms."
I But we have started to experience problems with the passage of time and the presence of high food: the consumption of excess energy that comes with industrial development. And they were no longer natural foods, but preserved foods without digestion. The excess in the calorie accumulation began to increase in the fatty tissue, liver and other structures. The result is diabetes, obesity, cancer and so on. It was the development of chronic diseases. "-José Agustín Mesa Pérez, the endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.