At a speed of 19,800 kilometers an hour, the Mars InSight probe approaches Mars, which must land on Monday to begin its mission: to listen to earthquakes and to study the internal work of the rocky planet.
The ship must survive the task of quickly reducing the speed and speed of the red planet's atmosphere to just 8 kilometers per hour.
The $ 993 million unmanned spacecraft was launched from the Vandenberg Air Base in California about seven months ago (May 5) and traveled 482 million kilometers. The mission is to inform Nasa's efforts to send some human scouts to the red planet they hope to reach in 2030.
Curious explorer since Mars, 2012
NASA surfaced and analyzed the rocks for signs of life that could now be frozen and dry, now inhabited by the planet next to Earth.
The entry, landing and landing phase will begin on Monday at 19.45 at (GMT) (Colombian time). In half of the jokes, this scene in Nasa is called "a fear of six and a half minutes".
The central instrument is an earthquake detected sismometer developed by the French Space Agency (CNES).
The six seismic sensors on the ship are so sensitive that their smallest jolts in Mars, the weak pull of the Phobos bear, the effects of the meteorites, and possibly the evidence of volcanic activities.
. This is the first task to investigate the deep interior of Mars, ın said Fernando Abilleira, assistant director of design and navigation at InSight. "By studying the propagation of waves on the surface of Mars, we will know more about how the planet has evolved over the last 3,000 million years with seismometry", she loved it.
Seismology taught a lot about humanity's formation of the Earth about 4.5 billion years ago, but most of the evidence based on Earth was lost by the recycling of the shell guided by plate tectonics. This process is not available in Mars.
The first tool is the investigation of physical properties and heat flow (HP3) built by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), which will be implanted approximately 5 meters deep in Martian soils to provide the first precision measurement. Temperatures in the underground and the amount of heat escaping from inside Mars.
The InSight landing will be buffered with a parachute. The heat shield will protect the ship from slowing down and rubbing it into the atmosphere of the red planet.
The landing area is a flat area called Elysium Planitia, which NASA calls İn the largest parking spot in Mars İn.
NASA will know in a few minutes whether the landing has been successful, but will have to wait more than five hours to verify the deployment of the equipment.
From the 43 missions made to Mars, only 18 came to the red planet, a success rate of about 40 percent and all came from the US. Isı It is very, very difficult to go to Mars, Thomas said Thomas Zurbuchen, deputy director of the Department of Scientific Affairs at NASA.
. The exciting part is that we've built on this planet the success of the NASA team's best team of contractors and their collaborators, "he added.
Probe Other Details
The name InSight is derived from ik internal exploration using seismic surveys, geodesy and heat transport In. The spacecraft will stand about a meter away from the surface, and after opening the solar panels, it will extend to almost 6 meters. With a full full load, it weighs almost the same 360 kg as a Harley Davidson motorcycle.
AFP and EFE