Sweden is the first country where you can pay your train ticket without metal or virtual money: it is made with a chip that is attached to your hand. We explain how this technology works and why it causes discussion.
The small bump behind Dave Williams' hand is the size of one grain of rice and between the thumb and forefinger. This can be barely perceived, but when he opens the door of his house with him, he becomes the focus of attention.
This British software engineer working for Mozilla has a microchip embedded in the hands of an electronic circuit in the form of a pill working with wireless technology.
Bir I have a very bad memory, BBC he said to the BBC. So when he forgot the keys to the house, he decided to implant the small device that wouldn't panic.
Various attempts have been made to promote this futuristic technology that is fashionable in Sweden and other Western countries such as Germany, Australia and New Zealand.
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But the Swedish case is particularly noteworthy. Thousands of people in the Nordic country – according to the AFP report in May of this year, about 3,000 people have already buried the microchips. Although the figure is higher.
Daha More and more people in Sweden use their RFID chips in their hands and use them to open the doors, BBC says a lab of microbiology doctors BBC Mundo Ben Libberton. Southern Sweden in Lund MAX MAX.
Unlike a barcode, RFID provides remote access to the information it contains. It is used in anti-theft labels, ski resorts and "identity chips" for pets.
In addition to most smart phones and contactless cards, they are also used in electronic passports.
But in recent years, the use of humans has gained a special interest. Sweden is leading the trend.
The issue began to create headlines in 2015, as Epicenter, a high-tech company based in Stockholm, sparked some controversy, saying it would begin to produce chips for its workers.
- Buildings in Sweden, where workers attach chips
By twisting the wrist, employees can access the building, use the copier, or pay for a coffee.
The company's founding partner and director Patrick Mesterton said in 2017, "The greatest benefit is benefit." Said. "Credit card or key allows to change many things."
Pay by hand
Chips allow you to pay contactless (without communication) is an application particularly encouraged in Sweden where only 1% of all transactions in 2016 are made in cash.
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Some of these operations are done on the train.
The country's largest national train company, SJ, is the first company to accept such payments.
When the reviewer passes, some passengers have their hands smart phone. Train ticket is a thing of the past.
Anyone with a microchip as in their hands must register with the company in advance to receive a number and pay.
Stephen Ray, director of communications at SJ, knows the system very well because he's being implanted with a microchip.
In this way, the reviewer's mobile phone display shows that the passenger is paying for the ticket and shows the number and name.
"The only information that SJ reads from microchip tickets is the membership number in the SJ loyalty program," says Ray BBC Mundo.
Iyor This number is not considered confidential and customers' privacy is guaranteed from our perspective, “he adds.
At the moment, this technology is used only in company visits to your company. But the plan covers much more.
However, Ray said his customers "will never be obligatory" to put these chips into practice, and "they are seen as an optional service, in which we only consider a test project".
Stephen says that the initiative will be extended to other areas of everyday life (and other payments), such as credit cards.
However, not all are in favor of the microchip or have an optimistic view.
”This technology minimizes the number of cards and devices they need, & Libberton told BBC Mundo.
However, the microbiologist warned that the chips worry about how they could violate the privacy and security of their users.
Or These chips are integrated into more digital services, they'll be able to capture more data once they're captured – a weak point when it comes to security, “he explains.
"Imagine whether you're using your home to unlock or access your bank account. Unfortunately, your convenience will make it easier for you to filter your important data."
And he asks a question in the air: “If a company knows more about your health than you do, what are ethical implications, and whoever decides the rules, the risks will increase when they begin to incorporate biological data into the chips Ve. , concludes.