Diabetes is a serious life-long disease that everyone can live with.
Estimated 422 million people They're living with diabetes worldwide, more than four times 40 years ago, World Health Organization (WHO).
Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to process all sugar or glucose in its bloodstream.
Glucose is not bad, it is the fuel of all cells in the body.
In order to use this glucose, some tissues need the action of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, which facilitates glucose entry into the cell, thereby converting glucose into energy.
Complications of diabetes can lead to heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and amputation of the lower extremities.
Despite the risks, most people with diabetes do not know this. However, lifestyle changes can prevent this in many situations.
We are investigating what happened in BBC Mundo on World Diabetes Day, November 14th. Google's most frequently asked suspicions about diabetes and We asked three experts.
1) What are the first symptoms of diabetes? And children?
"Usually, the doctor warns that he has type 2 diabetes based on the results of laboratory tests that measure the level of blood sugar. Most patients with type 2 diabetes do not have symptoms. The most common in patients with type 1 diabetes is that the levels remain too high for a long time.
Fatigue, thirst, hunger, excessive voiding, blurred vision and weight loss may develop. " Victor Montori is a diabetes endocrine specialist at the Mayo Clinic in the USA.
"In children, the type of diabetes is usually type 1. Symptoms are usually present in a more dense and shorter time: do not play as intense thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, make it into the habit, drowsiness". – José Agustín Mesa Pérez, endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"In recent decades, we have experienced an alarming increase in type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents, due to more obesity and sedentary lifestyle habits." – Member of the Argentine Diabetes Society. Fabiana Vazquez.
2) When is the blood sugar level dangerous?
"Fasting is the normal blood glucose level of 70 to 110 milligrams (mg / dl) per deciliter." After meals, these values rise, but the insulin quickly returns to the normal range (usually greater than 180 mg / dL, which lasts for more than 2 hours over 2 hours, is toxic to the cells, and if repeated several times, especially in the kidneys, eyes, limbs. and permanent damage to the nerves in the hearts. "
"In the long term, if the values are high, the whole organism is affected, so people with diabetes should have between 70 and 180 mg / dl of blood glucose in most days." – Member of the Argentine Diabetes Society. Fabiana Vazquez.
"The patient with type 2 diabetes may begin to become dehydrated when the sugar level exceeds 200 mg / dL. However, people who have no other problems, when they reach a high level, for example over 300 mg, have a higher without high danger, they can provide high levels of sugar / dL, the risk is greater and requires attention. "- Victor Montori is a diabetes endocrine specialist at the Mayo Clinic in the USA.
"You also have to talk about values, people with diabetes, even those with some complications, should avoid glucose values below 70 mg / dl after eating fast and eating." – José Agustín Mesa Pérez, endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
3) What are the differences between type 1 and 2 diabetes?
"There are four types of diabetes classification, but in practice, it is expressed as type 1 or 2. Type 1 is usually found in young people under 30 years of age, is weak, and has no history of inherited diabetes."
"It usually does with acute symptoms." Type 2 diabetes is usually seen in adults over 40 years of age who are associated with overweight or obesity, waist circumference is measured at home over 80 cm and 90 cm for women. In males, it is associated with high triglycerides and other risk factors such as high blood pressure and fatty liver. "- José Agustín Mesa Pérez, endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"In type 1 diabetes, the proper use of insulin (a laborious and expensive job) offers these patients an unlimited life." Patients with Type 2 diabetes, lighter, can be checked for abnormalities. Diet, exercise, stress management and medicines (pills, injections, insulin). "- Victor Montori is a diabetes endocrine specialist at the Mayo Clinic in the USA.
4) Is there any treatment for diabetes? Can it be prevented?
"Diabetes cannot be cured, but it is well controlled, the person can lead a normal life, there is no way to know who diabetes is, or how to prevent it, whereas type 2 diabetes has very clear triggers and lose weight. may prevent or delay the onset of those with genetic predisposition. Member of the Argentine Diabetes Society. Fabiana Vazquez.
"Pancreas transplantation is an aggressive alternative that in most cases eliminates insulin deficiency in type 1 diabetes." – Victor Montori is a diabetes endocrine specialist at the Mayo Clinic in the USA.
"There is no cure and you must be very careful with the liars and charlatans who have promised it, but it is a perfectly controllable chronic disease, previously diagnosed and intensively studied to reduce the risk factors, and other complications are avoided." –José Agustín Mesa Pérez, endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
5) Which foods cause diabetes?
Gelir Nothing, there is no food that diabetes can develop on its own, because confusion means that prehistoric man can save energy to live and achieve it through the mechanisms of insulin saving “.
Kanser But over time and in the high availability of foods, problems began to occur: the consumption of excess energy that arises with industrial development, and no more natural foods, but canned foods without digestion. etc. It is the development of chronic diseases.José Agustín Mesa Pérez, endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"Adequate vegetable consumption (both raw and cooked and in various colors) and fruits can help balance the diet and contain natural antioxidants that help prevent diabetes."
"Diets rich in fats, especially those of animal origin, and simple carbohydrates (sugars) and produced foods have been shown to be associated with the possibility of developing type 2 diabetes. The causes of the greater frequency of type 2 diabetes in children." Member of the Argentine Diabetes Society. Fabiana Vazquez.
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