For a long time, the portion of the Moon was the # dark side Uzun, even if it was illuminated by the Sun.
Bulunur Dark ”refers to the fact that there is a face that is not seen from the Earth.
And also, of course, for being undiscovered No spacecraft on the surface. Until now
because This Friday, China launched the Chang 'e-4 mission a descent module and a discovery tool It is planned to land on the Von Kármán crater on the dark side.
The mission is to leave Xichang satellite launch center, and the landing of the Moon is expected in early January.
The Von Kármán crater is the center of attention of scientists. Because the surface of the Moon, the oldest and largest impact zone on the Aitken basin.
It is probably believed that the effect of the giant asteroid billions of years ago has occurred.
Due to a phenomenon known as "synchronous rotation", we see only one side of the Moon, because it takes more time on its axis than to do around the Earth at the same time.
Chang & # 39; s aim to open e-4 mission way of sending rock samples from the moon region to earth.
The search engine plans to explore the geology of the region and the composition of the soil.
The dark side, or rather, the farthest hemisphere of the Moon, seems to be quite different from what we see in the world.
Scientists explain that there is an older and thick crust filled with craters. In addition, these dark basalt plains created by the lava flow are some of these "seas".
It is believed that the strong effect produced by the Aitken basin passes through the shell until it reaches the shell cover. The vehicles of Chang's e-4 explored whether this had happened and shed light on the early history of the only natural satellite on Earth.
The mission will also examine the conditions for transmitting radio waves on the far side of the moon. The test is designed to provide the basis for the future creation of radio telescopes. In this region of the natural satellite isolated from the satellite signals of the world.
The landing module will carry a container to make biological experiments with Arabidopsis, which is a sample of 3 kilograms of potato seeds and herbaceous plants.
This experiment in the "Lunar minibiosphere" was designed jointly by 28 Chinese universities.
Or We want to investigate seed and photosynthesis breathing in the Moon,, said Liu Hanlong, vice president and vice-president of Chongqing University (located in the center of China), a few months ago.
Xie Gengxin, chief designer of the experiment, said to Xinhua: değişen We have to keep the temperature in a minibiosphere ranging from 1 to 30 degrees, and we must accurately control moisture and nutrition. Den
"We will use a tube to direct the natural light from the moonlight surface to the container for growing plants."
When placed on the far side of the natural satellite, the landing module will not be within the field of view of the Earth. Therefore, use Queqiao satellite to send information to the control centerIn May, China was placed in orbit by China.
The design of the probe, in spite of some significant changes, dates back to 2013, which is its predecessor, Chang & # 39; e-3, leading to the Mare Imbrium region.
China's moon ambitions
The task search tool charges two cameras; A built-in radiation experiment in Germany is LND: and a spectrometer to perform low-frequency radio astronomy recordings.
The car carries a panoramic camera; A radar to explore under the moon surface; an imaging spectrometer for identifying minerals; and the solar wind (flow of particles released from the sun) and an experiment examining the interaction between the moon surface.
Chang e-4 is part of a broader exploration program program in China.. The first and second Chang's missions were designed to collect information from orbit, and were built to perform operations on the third and fourth Earth's satellite surface.
The upcoming Changleys e-5 and Chang ays e-6 missions will aim to bring the earth and rocks to the earth.
10,000 years of materials and energy
In 2013, the BBC had the opportunity to meet with the Chinese researcher Ouyang Ziyuan in the Moon exploration and deep space division about the dispatch of the Chang 'e-3 mission.
Ziyuan said the scientific mission would serve to test the new technology and & China needs its own intellectual team to explore the Moon and the Solar System. Z
The researcher summed up the program's objectives: to reach the moon, to ground safely, to bring the collected samples to the Earth and to send manned missions at the end.
According to this scientist's vision, the exploitation of the Moon can be invaluable to humanity.
Since there is no air there, the solar panels can operate much more efficiently and, as Ouyang said, a belt of these panels on the satellite can eri protect the whole world Orada.
The moon is as rich as a possible fuel for nuclear fusion of helium-3.can solve human energy demand for at least 10,000 years".
Bu It is very rare on earth and is full of resources such as rare minerals, titanium, uranium and these sources can be used without limitation. “
Uz There are many possible developments, they're beautiful, so we hope we can use the Moon to support the sustainable development of people and society,. Said the Chinese expert.