Dental problems are the most common and common chronic disease in the community. This is a major problem in Public Health, especially because of its high impact on low socioeconomic stratum and high cost of treatment. .
Vidal Alejandro Pomés, a dental surgeon and professor at the dental faculty of Finis Terrae University, talks about the most frequently asked dental problems by Chileans.
This is a multi-factor chronic disease characterized by the destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth. The enamel layer, the most superficial layer of the tooth, begins with demineralization caused by acids that produce a series of organized bacteria, called bacterial plaques.
They benefit from the food remains of our sıra civilized ılar diet, which, among other things, are rich in carbohydrates, usually found in desserts, cookies and beverages.
"After this initial attack and the superficial chemical type, bacteria continue to invade the structure of the teeth, causing dentin destruction.Explains Pomés.
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Health (Minsal), gaps begin from the first years of life and show a significant increase with age. The frequency of caries is 17.5% in 2 years, 49.6% in 4 years and 6 years, in dentistry, ie 70.4% in temporary and definitive teeth. It was 62.5% at the age of 12 and 99.4% among adults aged 65 to 74 years.
2. Gingival and periodontal disease:
Pomés draws attention to one of the dental problems most consulted by Chile. gingivitisInflammation of the gums caused by the same bacterial plaque as described above.
According to academic, if this inflammation is not controlled, the process will continue with periodontal disease with the same bacterial origin.
"Gingival inflammation is characterized by loss of tooth insertion, ie the loss of tissues holding the teeth in the jaw bones. "Without treatment what will lead to their loss," emphasizes the professor.
3. Dentomaxiller anomalies:
Anatomical and / or functional changes affecting the dentomaxillary and / or skeletal harmonic relationship of the oral cavity. According to Pomés, there are many related factors, such as a genetic component, growth of one or both jaws, number of teeth and size anomalies, premature loss of temporary teeth, interproximal bruises, and weak absorption patterns. and mouth breathing among others.
4. Oral cancer:
This is a disease characterized as a chronic and complex process. "Main risk factors include tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption and excessive sun exposure"Warns Pomés.
According to human numbers, cases of oral cancer and pharynx represent 1.5% of total cancer cases in men and 0.7% of women.
The professor of dentistry at Finis Terrae University emphasizes that it is essential to seek strategies to promote the healthy habits of oral hygiene and food use from the child population. "Transfer of oral health information from the dentist to the training team is the key. In addition, patients should periodically visit the dentist"He finished it.