Saturday , December 4 2021

NASA Astronaut Can Be Latest to Begin at Baikonur


The launch of Expedition 58 may be the last for US astronauts in Russian Soyuz rockets.

On December 3, NASA astronaut Anne McClain is expected to launch his first spaceship to Soyuz, as each US astronaut has done since 2011. However, early next year, US astronauts will climb to the commercially available and commercially available team of astronauts of the US, starting at a later date. United States of America.

The space shuttle program has been a long journey for NASA, which has completed a crew program (despite multiple delays) since retiring in 2011. This took place just after the construction of the International Space Station. Since then, NASA had no way of taking astronauts out into the United States. Instead, all the space station astronauts were forced to fly from Baikonur in Kazakhstan, which is now a seat of more than $ 70 million. [A Baikonur Soyuz Launch During Cold War]

Each of the Russian Soyuz spacecraft and Soyuz rocket showed good performance to make sure. The system's ability to be launched in almost any weather is considered something that the space shuttle cannot do. In addition, the only Soyuz flight derailed in eight years was a cancellation in October of this year, when two crew members on the Expedition 57 returned safely to the world after a few minutes of flight. (A deformed sensor in the rocket has been canceled and approved to continue the Russian space agency Roscosmos.)

But Americans were eager to see re-flights on their territory, not only because of national pride, but also because of the opportunities it will bring to the nationwide sector.

The first commercial crew test will be removed on January 7 in an unexplored version of SpaceX's human dragon spacecraft in a Falcon 9 rocket from Florida's Florida Coast near Orlando. Space shuttle and astronauts, including Apollo moon missions, each US space mission started in 1961 with the same space. Boeing's CST-100 Starliner will carry out its first unopened flight in 2019 later.

In particular, SpaceX has an industry interest, because the company is known as a destructive power. The Hawthorne, California-based company was among the first companies to develop and develop the first reusable stages for rockets, a feat that was unimaginable even ten years ago. The company also became the first company to carry commercial cargo services to the space station in 2012.

SpaceX is already changing how cargo launches are made, and also said a representative of the Commercial Entrepreneurship Federation could do the same for human launches. This is a group of more than 80 companies working together to build space economy, including reducing the cost of access to orbiting opportunities.

"We think that history will repeat itself," said Tommy Sanford, managing director of the federation. Çıktı For the last time, a low-cost, orderly and reliable launch service provider such as SpaceX entered the market, reduced cost, increased access, and a new economic ecosystem ecosystem – cubes – emerged. [that] When the commercial team becomes online, a similar model will emerge that will lead to new ideas and opportunities that were not possible before. "

Rich Cooper, vice president of strategic communications and vice-presidency of the space team, said the commercial teams will once again open competition and innovation with the coming of advertising and innovation. This is not only between Boeing and SpaceX, but also between two US companies and the fleet of suppliers and partners who help take space vehicles off the ground.

"Soyuz is not the only vehicle in town," Cooper said. "This is not the only source we can achieve with one touch. The entire Boeing-SpaceX commercial team effort gives the best of all the options. Options provide creativity, benefit and potential. That's what's really exciting about it."

Cooper also pointed to a adı rule of national pride, 61 because the US will eventually reinstate its role of launching astronauts into space – a situation where the country has lived with several gaps between 1961 and 2011. The current strain is the longest. The American, since the beginning of the Space Age, had been waiting to go into space from US soil.

From 1961 to 1966, flights were running at least annually using a spacecraft from a program or elsewhere: Mercury is a one-man capsule, or twins, and a twin-man vehicle that applies space walks. The first Apollo mission had to be abolished in 1967 to begin work on the moon, but after the deadly Apollo 1 fire, the first flight retreated back to 1968. Apollo missions then ran frequently between 1968 and 1972.

US astronauts flew into space three times in 1973 for Skylab space station missions; Later, the next US team joined a Soviet mission to Apollo-Soyuz in 1975. There was a six-year gap until the space shuttle was ready for flight. After Challenger and Columbia in 1981, each one was interrupted for two years. Fatal accidents of space shuttles in 1986 and 2003. However, most of the time, shuttle astronauts took them back to space and again between 1981 and 2011.

In 2010, as a space shuttle program, NASA began offering money to companies interested in developing commercial team tools. SpaceX and Boeing were selected in 2014. The development of commercial team vehicles was not supposed to go this long, but budget cuts and technical difficulties led to the launch of the program a few years ago, and a planned launch was made for 2019 or 2020.

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