Monday , June 27 2022

Mars, called the Roman god of war, is not very polite to the visitors.



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NASA's Mariner 4 made the first successful flight of the red planet in 1965 and sent 21 pictures back.

Mariner 9 entered orbit around Mars and beamed back over 7,000 photos.

And NASA's Vikings 1 and 2, 1977, not only placed them in orbit around Mars, but also on the surface. The Twin Vikings were the first successful descendants of Mars from planet Earth.


The 1990s were not polite to NASA. A degrading British metric transformation curve was in 1993 when Mars was the judge of the Observer. Then another US orchestra, a land that also had to penetrate the surface, and two accompanying probes were also lost.

Despite years of experimentation, Russia was unlucky, especially in Mars.

At that time, the Soviet Union made its first flight of Mars in 1960. The spaceship never reached Earth orbit. After further launch failures and flight failures, the Soviets finally bought a pair of spacecraft in Mars in orbit in 1971 and recovered the actual data. However, it was the total bust of the comrades.

And he went to the Soviets / Russians in 2011 with his latest initiatives with China. The goal for victory was to construct a spacecraft to Phobos and to place a second spacecraft into orbit around Mars to gather and bring back samples. It didn't leave Earth orbit.

As in Japan, Mars also bitten the snake in Europe.

While the European Space Agency had satellites operating around Mars, both landing attempts fell. Just two years ago, the soil hit the surface very quickly, he dug a crater. Japan's only Mars spacecraft launched in 1998 did not enter orbit.

Meanwhile, India has been operating a satellite around Mars for four years, first and only on a red planet.

NASA has a heavy European presence in InSight. While Germany assumes the task of mechanical mole designed to penetrate the surface of Mars to get underground temperature measurements, France manages the ship's seismic seismometry.

On the surface, the only thing that works on Mars is curiosity. Currently in orbit: US Odyssey since 2001, Europe Mars Express (2003), US Mars Discovery Slot (2006), US Maven (2014), India's Mangalyan Orbiter (2014) and Europe & # 39; s Trace Gas Orbiter (2016).

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