BEIJING – China was preparing to prepare a defamation mission to demonstrate the ambitions of growing space as a rival space power to Russia, the European Union and the United States, to softly land a spacecraft on the far side, which was probably unexplored at the beginning of the month. .
With China's 4 mission, China hopes to be the first country to successfully realize such a descent. The distant side of the moon is also known as the dark side, because it moves away from the Earth and is not known in comparison to a different composition from the nearby regions where the previous missions landed.
If successful, the task planned to explode in the Long March 3B rocket will lead the Chinese space program to a leading position in one of the most important areas of moon exploration.
China took Yutu or the Jade Rabbit. five years ago on the moon, and next year, there will be 5 years to send the investigation and the world plans to return to the samples – the first time since 1976 to be done. A crewed moon mission was also taken into account.
Chang & # 39; e 4 is also a lander-rover combination, and after a 27-day journey it will discover both above and below the moon surface after reaching the Von Karman crater of the South Pole-Aitken basin.
"The distant side is always distant from the Earth, is not affected by our planet's ionosphere, human-made radio frequencies, and the auroral radiation noise," said Leonard David, an expert in the space industry. Website Space.com.
It can also carry plant seeds and silkworm eggs according to the official Xinhua News Agency.
Chang, the moon goddess of Chinese mythology.
In 2003, China performed its first crew space mission, making it the third country after Russia and the United States. He planted a pair of space stations into orbit. One of them works as a precursor of a 60-tonne station that is expected to arrive online in 2022. A Mars traveler is scheduled to be launched in the mid 2020s. .
In order to facilitate communication between the world-wide controllers and the Chang 4 mission, China launched a relay satellite called Queqiao or "Magpie Bridge" after an ancient Chinese folk tale in May.
China's space program benefited from co-operation with Russia and European countries, but this was excluded from the 420-ton International Space Station, due to US law restricting such cooperation due to concerns over strong military ties. Last year, the program started a very slow rebound with the launch of the Long March 5 rocket.
The latest task of China is to see NASA's inSight spacecraft on Mars in an area less than 400 miles (640 kilometers) from the American explorer Curiosity, the other running robot on Mars. follow the subject closely.