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4 ways to quit smoking – Medical News Bulletin



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ways to quit smoking

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It is a known fact that smoking is harmful to health. Tobacco, acetone, tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. When they are inhaled, they not only affect your lungs but your entire body system. Smoking causes damage to virtually any organ of the body, causing many diseases and affecting the overall health of smokers.

Harmful effects of smoking

  • It affects the respiratory system due to smoking, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer.
  • Increased blood pressure, weakening of blood vessels, blood clots, heart attack and increased risk of stroke have effects on the heart and blood vessels.
  • Increases the digestive system, the risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx and esophagus.
  • Smoking increases the risk of other diseases such as diabetes, pneumonia, tuberculosis, osteoporosis, cataract.
  • Smoking affects the reproductive system. It reduces sexual performance in men and makes it difficult for a woman to become pregnant. It also increases chances of miscarriage and birth defects in the unborn baby.
  • Increases circulating cholesterol and unhealthy fats in the blood, which causes the blood vessels to accumulate in the walls.
  • Smoking weakens the immune system, causes muscle degeneration, thinning of the bone tissue and decreases bone density.

It's always a good time to quit smoking. Quitting smoking is a crucial step in improving the quality of life and longevity of smokers. While it is difficult to quit smoking, it is certainly possible.

Below we describe different ways to stop smoking.

1. Nicotine replacement therapy

Nicotine replacement therapy comes in the form of nicotine gum, patch and inhaler.

Nicotine inhaler: The nicotine inhaler is in the form of a cigarette. Contains a nicotine-containing cartridge. When you breathe, the nicotine vapor is absorbed into your mouth and throat. Unlike nicotine, nicotine is not absorbed into your lungs. As a result, you will not get the same amount of nicotine when smoking. Nicotine inhaler can be useful if you have problems such as getting rid of smoking habit, smoking a cigarette outside the package, lighting it, putting it in your mouth and breathing.

Nicotine patch: A nicotine patch is in the form of a large adhesive bandage. The outer part adheres to your skin and presses the inner part and releases the nicotine slowly into the skin. Different patches are sold in different sizes containing different nicotine strengths. It is important to choose the correct strength and size of the patch to quit smoking. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist for assistance in choosing the right patch strength.

Nicotine gum: Chewing gum contains nicotine and feels like a chewing gum. When you chew the gum, nicotine is slowly given to your mouth. Smoking passes the nicotine through the lungs, immediately into the blood and reaches the brain in a few seconds. Nicotine in the gum takes a few minutes to reach the brain. This leads to a less rapid "pounding" with the gum compared to a cigarette. Chewing gum also provides less nicotine to the body compared to a cigarette.

2. Prescription drugs

Many medications can help you quit smoking. Drugs are taken to reduce the longing for nicotine. Your doctor can help you choose which drugs or drug combinations will help you get the most out of smoking.

Varenicline (Champix) is a medication that reduces the nostalgia for nicotine intake and prevents the effects of nicotine if you smoke, making it less enjoyable. Can be used with a recipe. Another drug is Bupropion (Zyban), which also reduces the longing for nicotine. These drugs are easy to use and double the chance to quit smoking.

3. External assistance

In Canada, the Smokers Hotline is a free and confidential service for smokers. They offer exercises, tips and tools to help you stop smoking and have an online support group to share your experience.

SmokeFree website for access to free information and resources in the US. You can also call the NCI exit line at 1-877-44U-QUIT for individual counseling.

4. Changing habits

Drink water: It is better to drink water with crushed ice to help nicotine and other chemicals quickly clear from your body. It also helps to resolve verbal requests for some time. Try using a straw of the same diameter as the cigarette.

Deep breath: Deep breathing is another useful tip. Take a deep breath instead of a cigarette break. Try delaying your first cigarette for about an hour. After the first, if you like to smoke again, try delaying 15 minutes or half an hour. By doing this, you will be in control of when you will tell yourself.

Repeat: Give yourself five reasons to quit smoking every night before going to bed.

Eating habits: Try changing your eating habits to stop smoking. Drinking milk is a good way because it is considered as incompatible with cigarettes. Finish your meals or snacks with something that won't allow smoking.

Spend time in areas where smoking is prohibited: In the early days of leaving work, try spending as much time as possible in areas where smoking is prohibited, such as libraries, museums, shopping centers, churches.


Written by Pratibha Duggal

References:

  1. Effects of Smoking on Health – Smoking and Tobacco Use. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/health_effects/effects_cig_smoking/index.htm.
  2. 26 Effects of Smoking on Health for Your Body. https://www.healthline.com/health/smoking/effects-on-body#1.
  3. Health Benefits of Smoking and Exiting. https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/tobacco/cessation-fact-sheet.
  4. Get help to quit smoking – Canadian Cancer Society. The http://www.cancer.ca/en/support-and-services/support-services/quit-smoking/?region=o.
  5. Comparison of Stop-Smoking Drugs. https://www.healthlinkbc.ca/health-topics/abl0794.

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